Lecture 3- culture talk ii: historical foundations- medieval apologetics and orientalism. B(cid:396)ief histo(cid:396)(cid:455) of i(cid:374)telle(cid:272)tual e(cid:374)(cid:272)ou(cid:374)te(cid:396): weste(cid:396)(cid:374) ep(cid:396)ese(cid:374)tatio(cid:374) of (cid:862)isla(cid:373)(cid:863): Two themes: (a) islam/mohammed; and (b) representation of women. Western cultural discourse: anything that contributes to knowledge production about. Islam: academic, art, media, film, radio, fiction and non-fiction books, internet, video- games, etc. Ch(cid:396)istia(cid:374) apologia/middle (cid:862)da(cid:396)k(cid:863) ages (cid:894)(cid:1011)th to 15th c) [image]- saracens besieging crusaders in a tower, detail of a miniature in chroniques de france ou de saint-denis, first half of the 14th century; in the british library. E. g christians turned to the bible to help them understand what was going on with this group. Arabs were known to be the descendants of ishmael- in a chritistian perspective, he was known as a wild man- this is part of the origin that arabs are violent and barbaric. They were called the saracens for a very long time. Why were they called saracens: 2 reasons, 1.