SPA220Y5 Lecture 7: UNIDAD 2 – PII

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18 Feb 2016
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Exam Notes for Spanish
UNIDAD 2 – PII
Los comparaciones
To form the comparisons of equality using adjectives or adverbs, use the following formula:
tan + adjective (adverb) + como
El libro es tan bueno como la película. (The book is as good as the movie.)
El chico es tan alto como la chica. (The boy is as tall as the girl.)
To form comparisons of equality with nouns, use the following formula:
tanto(-a,-os,-as) + noun + como
Juan tiene tanto dinero como María. (as much money as)
Él tiene tanta paciencia como ella. (as much patience as)
Tiene tantos libros como ella. (as many books as)
Tiene tantas plumas como ella. (as many pens as)
Choose the form of tanto to agree with the noun it modifies.
tanto dinero, tanta paciencia, tantos libros, tantas plumas
Comparisons of Inequality: If two things are not equal, they are unequal. In Spanish, inequality
is expressed by using one of the following formulae:
más (menos) + adjective + que
más (menos) + adverb + que
más (menos) + noun + que
Here are some examples:
Tú eres más alto que yo. You are taller than I.
Mónica habla más lentamente que Carmen. Monica speaks more slowly than Carmen.
Tengo menos libros que Arsenio. I have fewer books than Arsenio.
If the comparative is followed by a number, use de rather than que.
Hay menos de veinte alumnos en la clase. There are less than twenty students in the class.
Él tiene más de noventa años.He is more than ninety years old. (Literally: He has more than 90
years.)
Note that when the sentence is negative, que is used even with numbers, to convey the meaning
"only."
Tengo más de cinco dólares. (I have more than five dollars.)
No tengo más que cinco dólares. I only have five dollars.
Hay más de veinte estudiantes en la clase. There are more than twenty students in the class.
No hay más que veinte estudiantes en la clase. There are only twenty students in the class.
El superlativo
There are are two types of superlatives – relative and absolute.
The relative superlative describes a noun within the context of some larger group.
For example: John is the smartest boy in the class.
The absolute superlative does not describe the noun in the context of a larger group.
For example: John is very smart.
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