PSY230H5 Lecture Notes - Lecture 15: Twin Study, Bundesautobahn 45, Assortative Mating

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Published on 5 Nov 2016
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Lecture 15: Values and Motives
Thursday, November 3, 2016
12:34 PM
Values and Motives
o Motives and values are psychological causes of beh
E.g., voting
o Motives and values vary across indivs
o Hence, indiv differences in motives + values are an important topic for pers psych
o Ultimate motive for actions?
Sex
Libido; Freud
Hedonism
Maximize pleasure
Bentham
Reproduction
Having children
Survival
Pyszynski
Following God's will
Weber/King
o Multiple motives
(1) others have postulated lists of fundamental human motives
(2) all items on list may be essential for many people
(3) cultures and indivs differ in the relative importance of items on the list
o Values and the Big Five (BF)
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o Schwartz (1994) demonstrated cultural differences in values across 24 nations
o Values and individualism
Openness to change, r = 0.56
Replication of BF studies
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