RLG202H5 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Psalm 137, Babylonian Captivity, Babylon

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Published on 17 May 2016
School
Department
Course
Professor
Second Temple Judaism
"and we were there"
oWe = universal AKA present time as well as past
oPlace
Sinai is one specific place
Israelites had to MOVE through many different nations
Cause everyone hates us
The babylonian exile
oTake the israelites to Babylon
Community of worshippers of Yahweh in Babylon
Community flourishes
Diaspora
Group of people dispersed beyond their homeland
Forced or voluntarily moved
Key concept in judaism up to the modern age
What was life in babylon like?
Psalm 137 (see slides)
Zion
Equivalent to Jerusalem
Promised land
THE BOOK OF MOOOORMOOOOON
Jeremiah
(quote in slides)
God's will for Israelites to go to Babylon
Pray for Babylon's welfare
oCyrus (Not Billie Ray)
Aramaic
Jews begin to speak aramaic to correspond with others
Achaemenid Imperial Policy
Return deities to homelands
Return a deity = raise a temple
Good source of revenue
Yehud
The Cyrus Cylinder
Recovered from babylon
BRITISH MUSEUM BITCHESSS
First declaration of human rights
Cyrus = narcissistic
Returned gods to "make them happy"
Settle people and gods back to their
home lands
Restoration period
Rebuilding the Temple
Ezra
Some think good idea, others do not
Not as good as the original
Divisions in the community in regards to rebuild
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