SOC227H5 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Job Satisfaction, Deskilling, Models 1

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Published on 7 May 2018
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1
SOC 227WORK AND OCCUPATIONS
Session #1: Culture, Models, History
Readings:
Text: Introduction; Ch. 1: 1-10
“A World without Work”
“Automation and Job Loss in Canada
We are receiving better jobs than our parents now
Technology now available that can do jobs that were once available for humans
- for example, car factories (difference = dark because robots don’t need
overhead lights to see)
- things we thought machines couldn’t do… are happening (artificial intelligence)
- current fear = robot substitution on greater scale
- economists position = “it’s not as bad as we think”
University students are having issues finding professional jobs when they leave
school
2009 Great Recession = employment rate decreased dramatically
- since then “net trend” has been down
- Canadian economy does not provide as many paid jobs as it used to
JK MEDIA ITEM
INTRO to the COURSE
ATTENDING CLASS IS IMPORTANT!
- LECTURE NOTES ARE NOT POSTED, ONLY OUTLINES
SOCIAL CULTURE
Social entity: a grouping of individuals with some awareness that they are
members of the group
o Every social entity has social culture and social structure
o Could belong to country, religion, ethnic group or region (Quebec is most
aware province in Canada due to French speaking population; Alberta)
Social structure: the relationships among the individual parts of the entity
o Friendship or status are examples
Social culture: what people think and do that people believe to be relevant
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1. Beliefs: broad ideas about the social entity and how the world works
o For example, religious beliefs (only 1 god)
2. Values: ideas about what’s important
o What’s right and wrong, how things should be
o For example; courses are easy to believe, families’ (social
structure) valuing their daughter to marry and have children, not
eating meat, etc.
3. Norms: commonly accepted and expected behaviors in the social
entity
4. Symbols: objects and behaviours that illustrate the beliefs & values
CAUSAL MODELS
1. Simple:
M-F Power Difference
Gender Harassment
Proportion of M Ees
Interpretation:
o The lower the male-female power difference = more gender
harassment
o Higher proportion of males = more gender harassment
2. Indirect Effect:
Job
Satisfaction
Pay Not
Quitting
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Interpretation:
o Indirect = effect that goes through another variable
o Pay is related to not quitting directly, but also has indirect effect
through job satisfaction
o Pay = happy with job = less likely to quit job (mediating effect)
mediating effect = comes in between 2 variables
3. Interaction Effect:
EG #1: Sex, dominance behaviours, and room size
Room
Size
Sex Dominance
Behaviours
Interpretation:
o Third variable changes relationship
o Sex is related to dominance behaviors (males take up more table space,
talk more and more loudly, etc.)
o Relationship depends on the size of the room (small = male dominance
behavior are enhanced, large = subdues these behaviors)
o Room size = moderator
EG #2: Absenteeism is affected by the interaction of sex and marital status
Marital
Status
Days
Absent
Sex
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Document Summary

Automation and job loss in canada: we are receiving better jobs than our parents now, technology now available that can do jobs that were once available for humans. For example, car factories (difference = dark because robots don"t need overhead lights to see) Things we thought machines couldn"t do are happening (artificial intelligence) Current fear = robot substitution on greater scale. Economists position = it"s not as bad as we think : university students are having issues finding professional jobs when they leave school, 2009 great recession = employment rate decreased dramatically. Since then net trend has been down. Canadian economy does not provide as many paid jobs as it used to. Intro to the course: attending class is important! Lecture notes are not posted, only outlines. Interpretation: the lower the male-female power difference = more gender harassment, higher proportion of males = more gender harassment, indirect effect: Eg #1: sex, dominance behaviours, and room size.

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