PSYC 231 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Eye Contact, Hazel Rose Markus, Protective Factor
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SELF SERVING BIASES
o Automatic Attributions
o Explanations for WHY things happen
o Process is fairly explicit
o Explaining why something happened
o Psychologically protective factor
Good "I did well because I am smart"
Internal: all about me
Stable: its who I am (always)
Global: I am a general genius
Bad "I got a ticket because of bad luck"
External: the police/road's fault
Unstable: because my tire was flat (one time thing)
Specific: only on my bike, wouldn't happen in my car
BETTER THAN AVERAGE EFFECT
We all think we are better than average
More in Western cultures
Effect stronger for ambiguous traits than concrete traits
o Caring vs. Attractive
o More room for bias!
50% of people think they are greater than the 90th percentile
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