globalization and work

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Sociology, Anthropology and Criminology

Lec 03 Thursday, January-26-12 Globalization  Apple had 2months of inventory  The regionalization of the world trade  slide 7  TQM  total quality management, acquired by the Japanese  Resist TQM because it allows them to cooperate with the management  Worker management hostility or imperism  Electronic surveillance  big companies are watching you, cameras are watching you but they are not allowed to do that in washrooms. It is against privacy rights  The companies did not have cameras in cubicles  Guys were protected but not guys Guys only go to cubicles for number 2and women go often  An option refers to the design of early prisons there would be a guard tower and they could see prisoners at all times. the purpose is that if u are being watched you are more likely to behave  AWT  actual working time is a form of electronic surveillance  entering data into electronic computer, if your job is to sit there and entre data into computer, usually electronic puts software into the computer to check if you are working or not. So if u stop they would know. Ex: if u are supposed to work 12-7. That’s a 7 hour shift. but instead u work 5 hours they would know. This tool is a way for workers not to slack off.  The political left argues that the economic globalization argues that it is democratically elected.  Financial mussle of these huge… undermines the nation state.  Critics say it is not accountable to workers  Keep in mind that it’s an argument more to the left, national government loose power to international capital  Economic uses becomes Free trade  In earlier times National government were able to protect domestic industry and jobs, Ex: free trade  protectionism  you protect home grown industries  Governments lose the ability to protect jobs.  National government has to be careful about international work they can’t be too strict, otherwise it will drive them away. Because if u have too much it will cost a lot. Lax environmental laws  If wages are too high then company can always say, if u don’t sale your demands we r moving... they put a lot of pressure  National institutions have been moving from international to financial institutions  NYC, china…  The nation state is held up as an ideal and is being undermined by a nasty capitalism  Some people say that china is communism  International trade lowers prices significantly for consumers  Wal-Mart, major retailers everywhere…  Bernie Ebbers worked for ECOM… went to prison for life for fraud.  Communications turned people into entertainment Political institutions  Consciousness how has it evolved over time>  used in household, one time located in kingship group, then it moved to band, clam to tribe, under fatalism it moved to futile village, moved to canton and then finally to the state  Nation state is only defined as economy  The nation state has its own money and legal system and its own wrights and measures  We have a hybrid between metrite system  Global consciousness arises, and rocket technology, and the centre of the concern  Global warming. The IPCC  international p of the climate change  riddled with corruption, research was deeply flawed  Takes care of human rights  Hybridization thesis and the amaginization  Hybrid is a mixture  Homogenization is all the same…  Globalization is when a hydride that is not able to fix, or a homogeneous or both. It’s probably a bit of both  McDonaldization one common shorthand expression for homogenizing effects of globalization  When people talk of homogenization they often talk about McDonalds food industry, largest economy, largest cultural influence  soft power, hard power,  Coca colonization  coca cola  its American culture throughout the world [global culture has been becoming homogenized  MTV, CNN, DISNEY, MCDONALDS, COC-COLA…etc.. are all American culture, they are Americanised basset ball (global sport) or baseball, cricket, soccer [global]  Return of ethnic separatism globalization is supposed to means the disappearance of global consciousness and symbol of what is happening. We see a return of ethnic identity  When union collapsed  1980 or 1990… warring ethnic groups, here’s some of the groups: 5 different ethnicities ->  Sometimes these ethnic identities are so strong they can identify as ethnic cleansing, systematically killing the group. In Africa in the 1990s rawonda, ethnic tribal groups such as: ….  Hybridization thesis has more merit, which means globalization will remain a mixture of ethnic culture  Life combined with homogenized Slide 10  Globalization is the simultaneous homogenization of some aspects of life and strengthening of some local differences under impact of globalization ex: McDonalds serves different foods in different countries.. Work  Production, distribution and exchanging them  economy in the modern world  Lean production productivity  technology,,, productivity has increased enormously. Productivity is directly related to wealth. Markets regulate.  Supply and demand  If u have low supply you will have high demand and high prices  staples -> Canada was a still and is, Raw materials, timber, minerals, oils, and fish, off the east coast. The division of labour increases. Specialization, work tasks in society.  Specialization was age to fold, age and sex  Men hunted, women gathered back in the days, you must specialize, sociology is
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