Class Notes (859,523)
CA (520,841)
U Windsor (1,944)
48-101 (45)


2 Pages

Sociology, Anthropology and Criminology
Course Code

This preview shows 80% of the first page. Sign up to view the full 2 pages of the document.
Lecture 3 PSYA02 Notes Language Pt.2 Stages in Language Development • Prelinguistic Stage (0 – 12 months) o Crying, cooing, babbling, phonemic expansion, phonemic constriction o Cooing at 6 weeks  Distinct from crying (e.g. doesn’t occur when infant is upset; lower pitched)  Baby attempts to produce phonemes  These sounds are not made later in life o Babbling at 6-9 months  First production of phonemes (not meaningful)  Produces all possible phonemes  phonemic expansion o Phonemic Constriction at 9-12 months  Phonemes reduce to the subset in their native languages  Pruning of phonemes • One Word Stage (12 – 18 months) o Words serve to accompany actions/events then later acquire a communication function (expressive or directive). o Holophrastic speech: the use of single words to convey a much more complex message (e.g. “milk” instead of “I would like some milk”). o 20 words are acquired per day o First words are for those around them (e.g. parents, siblings, toys) o Moving objects get named faster than still objects o 2/3 is names; about ½ of these are categories for objects, the other is proper names. • Two Word Sentences Stage (e.g. “John milk” instead of “John wants some milk”) o Stage I Grammar (18 – 30 months)  Telegraphic Speech  Motherese (infant-directed speech) o Stage 2 Grammar (30 months – 4 to 5 years)  Acquisition of function words  One generalization of grammatical rules o A lot of imitation by reduction occurs here: repeating someone (e.g. mother) but using only the most important words in the sentence. o Then the mother may repeat the sentence with all function words back in place  imitation by expansion  Assistance in teaching children language by speaking slower, using a broader range of pitch and using syntactically simple phrases. o Every time a child learns a function,
More Less
Unlock Document
Subscribers Only

Only 80% of the first page are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
Subscribers Only
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document
Subscribers Only

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.