SYG 1000 Lecture Notes - Lecture 14: Temporary Assistance For Needy Families, Child Care

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21 Apr 2016
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CHAPTER 9: CLASS AND GLOBAL INEQUALITY
I. DEFINITIONS
A. STRATIFICATION = inequality
B. SOCIAL CLASS: Segment of the population whose members hold a similar share of
resources and who may also share values, norms, and lifestyle
II. POVERTY LINE
A. DEFINITION: annual income below which you are officially poor
FORMULA: computed cost of nutritionally adequate diet x 3
1 = $11,670
2 = $15,730
3 = $19,790
8 = $40,090
B. CRITICISMS
1) Cost of living varies geographically
2) Formula outdated = housing is biggest “budget sucker”
3) Ignores differences in health care costs
4) Miss entire groups of people: homeless; institutionalized; unauthorized immigrants
5) Does not adjust for inflation: Federal minimum wage = $7.25/hour
46 million in poverty (15% of US popl.)
C. WHO IS MORE LIKELY TO BE POOR IN THE U.S.?
Race/ethnicity:
White: 9.9%
Asian: 12.1%
Hispanics: 26%
Blacks: 27%
Gender:
Women
Family Structure:
Married: 6%
Single dad: 14%
Single mom: 29%
Black/Hispanic single mom: 42%
Nativity:
Native-born: 12%
Foreign-born citizen: 18%
Foreign-born noncitizen: 22%
Age:
Children under 18: 22%
D. EXAMPLE OF CONSEQUENCES: POOR CHILDREN
Death in childhood
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