PSYCH 104 Lecture Notes - Lecture 24: Extenuating Circumstances, Psych, Intentionality

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5 Oct 2020
Psych 104
Social Psych
Spring 2019
Attribution Dimensions
Internal: they wanted to do it
External: something on the outside made them do it
Stable: this would likely happen again
Unstable: this likely wouldn’t happen again
Personality/Traits: something about the person. If you get an A on a test, you
make internal attributions, such as saying “I’m smart” or you would expect good
grades in the future. (internal stable attribution)
Mood/Motivation: if you do poorly on the first exam because you were in a bad
mood or whatever because your boyfriend broke up with you the night before,
you don’t expect that to happen before every exam. (unstable internal attribution)
Re-Occuring Situation: do poorly on the first exam and you blame it on
Professor Drigotas’ bad teaching; he’s going to be there every exam. (stable
external attribution)
Unpredictable Situation: did poorly on the first exam because the fire alarm
went off. (Unstable external attribution)
Attribution Theories:
1. Heider’s Levels of Responsibility: WE WANT TO BE ABLE TO MAKE AN
YOUR INTERNAL ATTRIBUTION. This is a legalistic approach, you’re trying
to put a case together.
a. Association
i. Is the person associated with the event? If someone throws a snowball
at you and you turn around and see three guys, you can know that one
of those three people did it and you can make an internal attribution
with them.
b. Causation
i. If one of the guys is shaking water off hands, and the other two have
snowballs in their hands still, it’s likely that the onen guy caused it.
c. Foreseeability
i. Could they see the consequences? If a guy is laughing, it made sense
that he wanted to do it. If the guy is really sorry, you’ll be less likely to
make a strong internal attribution if the guy was just trying to have fun
and he didn’t mean to hurt you.
d. Intentionality
i. Could he have foreseen the consequences and he did it anyway? He
intended to try and hit you in the head. If they intended for the
consequences to occur, you’ll make a strong internal attribution.
e. Justifiability
i. Mitigating circumstances: are there mitigating circumstances? Any
circumstances that justify what the person did? If there was some
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