HIST 1100 Lecture Notes - Lecture 16: Electrical Telegraph, New World Crops, Soil Fertility

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The industrial revolution: it originally referred to the development that transformed britain, between 1760 and 1830, from mainly a rural society to a town-centered industrial society. A turning point in human history: it has changed the mode of production from dependence on human and animal labor to machines powered by water, coal, petroleum, natural gas, etc. The rapid increase of population in england and wales from 1688 to. The reasons of this growth: more widespread resistance to disease, more reliable food supplies (new world crops), better job opportunities, married earlier, etc. Four-course rotation of crops: wheat, turnips, oats or barley, clover. Enriched soil fertility, provided more animal fodder, increased agricultural output; Provided more surplus food to urban citizens and more surplus rural labor to urban industry. The growth of local trade (traditional goods and services); The growth of international trade (sugar, tea, ); This was the so-called commercial revolution which provided a large and increasing market for industry.

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