01:512:104 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Puritans, Dutch Disease, Plymouth Colony

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Chapter 03 - Planting Colonies in North America
The Spanish and French in North America
In the 16th century Spain and France were the only European powers in
North America
New Mexico
Spain went up North to New Mexico
Found the Pueblo people but they had no gold = lost interest
The Church however got the Spanish to sponsor a missionary conquest
= some settlement
However since there was no treasure there were no immigrants
The 1st Communities of New France
Quebec was claimed for France by Samuel de Champlain
Sent agents 'into the woods to live with the FNP"
Seigneurs and Habitant system
Adopted FRNP farming techniques
Mississippi Empire
By 1700 population was only 15000
The English in the Chesapeake
1st attempt to colonize was in 1580's
Newfoundland and Roanoke
Paused during war against Spain
Jamestown & the Powhatan Confederacy
Virginia Company (Joint Stock Company)
Powhatan and the Algonquians numbered 20,000
Smith plundered Algonquians = Powhatan starves the English out
White's don't want to trade but they do conquer
This strategy was used by Spain and not by France
Colonists starved
Of the 900 men only 60 survived
More men came and they soon controlled the area
Tobacco, Expansion and Warfare
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Tobacco caused colonists to settle in Virginia
John Rolfe developed hybrids to start industry
England and France only sent men, while Spain send both
Society of Exclusion
One last attack by Algonquians (led by Powhatan's brother) failed
Just before the war ended the Virginia Company went broke
Virginia became a royal colony with a legislature (House of Burgesses)
Economy took off
Maryland
King Charles, gave 10 million acres to Lord Baltimore (Calverts)
Propriety colony = Calverts were the only owners
Catholic Colony
House of Representatives
Indentured Servants
75% of new manpower came in the form of indentured servants
fixed term, then freedom
If servant escaped and captured the term of service was lengthened
When term ended the servant would get supplies
Unique to the English colonies
Spain used FNP labor
France didn't need labor
Community Life on the Chesapeake
Women were scarce = valuable = powerful
Bonds were weak because of high death rates
Close ties with England
Crude housing
Values of Puritanism
John Calvin wanted to make Christianity "pure"
Valued enterprise and hard work
Were very powerful in England
King James was not as tolerant as Elizabeth = kicked out
Early Contacts in New England
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