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Lecture 10

04:189:102 Lecture Notes - Lecture 10: Mary Ann Shadd, New York City Draft Riots, Camp Grant Massacre

Communication and Informatio
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News for All the People: The Epic Story of Race and the American Media
Drowning in news and information
Yet public confidence in “mainstream” media news is at tll-Time Low
The news industry has never operated under free market principles
Government policies have always shaped our media
Discounted postal rates
Government printing contracts
Research into communications technology (telegraph, radio, satellite, the Internet)
Copyright and intellectual property laws
The Federal Communications Commission
Municipal cable monopolies
Our system of news is a product of five key federal media policies
Creation of the postal system
Advent of telegraph
Early radio
Development of cable television
Evolution of the internet
Race and racial conflict have always been central to mass media
Public Occurences, the first newspaper in the new world, appeared in Boston in 1690
Reports on the “Barbarous Indians”
Press depictions of Native Americans were common throughout the 19th century
The press not only spread racial bias, it fomented and instigated racial violence
The anti-abolitionist riots of 1834 and 1835 in New York, Cincinnati, and other cities
The New York Draft Riots of 1863, stoked by the Daily New
The Sand Creek Massacre of 1864, instigated by the Rocky Mountain News
The Camp Grant Massacre of 1871 in Arizona, instigated by the Tucson Citizen
The Wilmington Coup of 1898, organized by the publisher of the News & Observer
For 200 years, journalists of color have told a different story
Freedom’s Journal
Mary Ann Shadd Cary - one of the most prominent black female editors in the world
Elias Boudinot - editor of first Native American newspaper in the world
The Golden Hills News - published in 1854, the first of more than twenty-five Chinese language
newspapers in the U.S. during the 1900s
Wong Chin Foo - founder of New Yorks Chinese-American newspaper in 1883
Jose Marti - Cuban-born writer
Ida B. Wells - exposed the epidemic of lynching in the U.S.
Chicago Defender - black-owned newspaper
El Misisipi - first Spanish-language newspaper in the U.S., published in New Orleans from 1808-
El Habanero
La Patria
La Cronica
Ricardo Flores Magon - known for his anarchist views and his opposition to Mexican dictator
Porfirio Diaz
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