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Lecture 15

01:713:202 Lecture Notes - Lecture 15: 1998 In Pride Fc, Ingroups And Outgroups, Ethnocentrism

Organizational Leadership
Course Code
Dr.Michelle Jefferson

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Chapter 15 - Culture and Leadership
Globalization… cultural competence
Understand business, political, and cultural environments world-wide
Learn perspectives, tastes, trends, and technologies
Work simultaneously with people from different cultures
Adapt to living and communicating in other cultures
Relate to people from other cultures
What is culture?
Learned and shared patterns of beliefs, behaviors, and values that are common to a
group of people
The existence of more than one culture
This also includes sub-cultures defined by race, gender, ethnicity, sexual orientation,
and age
Tendency for an individual to believe their own group (ethnic, race, or cultural) is “better”
than any other
A largely fixed attitude or belief about another individual or group based on:
Unsubstantiated data
Previous experiences
Dimensions of culture (Hofstede…)
Uncertainty avoidance
Power distance
Institutional collectivism
In-group collectivism
Gender egalitarianism
Future orientation
Performance orientation
Human orientation
1. Uncertainty Avoidance
The way a culture uses rules, structure, and laws to make things predictable and less
2. Power distance
The way a culture stratifies itself with respect to power, authority, prestige, status,
wealth, and material possessions
3. Institutional collectivism
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