ANTHRO 2D Lecture Notes - Lecture 9: Scantron Corporation, Mutual Intelligibility, African American Vernacular English

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8 Feb 2017
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February 7, 2017
Language and Identity: Black English
February 14th: Midterm, bring pen, pencil, and scantron F288
Goals for Today
1. finish bedtime stories
2. African American English
3. Iggy Azalea & Rights to Black Language
Some Ethnographic Details
Maintown – white upper-middle class
labeling; what-explanations
books have authority
kids respond to conversational allusions
books are a source of entertainment
preschoolers make up their own stories
kids choose to read to adults
Roadville – white working class
early on, there’s more emphasis on oral performance
babies are surrounded by visual stimuli
babies are fictionalized; but older kids are not
preschoolers are given books, but reading is not always a common activity
adults tend to simplify stories for kids
by 3.5 years, kids are told to sit and listen
as kids get older, adults treat fictionalization as lies
Trackton – black working class
kids “learn to talk” and perform from an early age
babies are surrounded by people, not stuff
adults don’t read to kids
there’s no expansion of kid’s talk
adult don’t simplify their language for kids, kids imitate adult speech by 12 months
adults rarely ask kids “what” questions
kids are encouraged and expected to perform stories spontaneously
So what happens when kids from these towns get to school?
Maintown – experience at home matches institutional expectations
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