DANCE 3 Lecture 3: 4/11/17 Lecture Notes
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Department
Dance
Course Code
DANCE 3
Professor
Deborah Messina- Kleinman

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4/11: Dance 3 Lecture Notes Managing stress Stressor: situational triggers • Any physical or psychological event or condition that produces physical and/or emotional reactions Stress response: our reactions to the stressor • The physical and emotional reactions to stressors We NEED stress. However, not having any demands and no stress, is not good either. We need SOME stress but not too much and each person is different when it comes to this amount. The more we must adapt to a demand, the more stress we will experience • Physical • Psychological/emotional demands • Social • Academic What happens physiologically? • Stress: the feel experienced when a person thinks that the demands exceeds the personal and social resources the individual is able to mobilize • Hans selye (1936) GENERAL ADAPTATION SYNDROME: researched the effects of stress on rats and other animals by exposing them to high stress situation • Heart rate and respiration accelerate • Blood pressure increase • Perspiration increase • Liver releases glucose (blood sugar) for your muscles • Brain releases endorphins • Increased muscle tension Adapting to new challenges • The more we have to adapt to a demand, the more stress we may feel. We may have a greater stress response • Ex: Going away to college (this can be a stressful situation and result in feelings of loneliness, sadness, depression, or anxiety) Stress refers to the nonspecific response of the body to any demand made upon it • Eustress: results from a positive event o Weddings o Birth o Promotion o Holidays o New relationships • Distress: results from a negative event o Conflict o Presentations when one isn’t prepared o Commuting in traffic o Feeling unsafe o Financial issues o Job instability o Distrust of a life partner or a family member Common sources of stress • Major life changes: Moving, death, breakups • Daily hassles: traffic Strategies: Prevention and management of stress • Prevention: activities that can be done on a regular basis that help prevent “stress overload” • Management: when you find a state and manage the stress Physiological stressors • Lack of quality sleep (prevention) o Adequate restful sleep: 7-9 hours/night o Regular exercise promotes better quality sleep o Waking up the same time each day regulates one’s sleep cycle o Minimize exposure to stimulants, including caffeine (especially later in the day) • Poor nutrition and dietary choices • Lack
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