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Lecture 1

HISTORY 36B Lecture 1: History 36 B Notes

Course Code

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Professor Brusuelas
History Department
History 36 B
History of Ancient Greece
Course Code: 26580
Course Code: 26581
4 units
No Pre-Reqs
Location: HG 1800
Early Athens
Bronze Age
large/important settlement on the attic peninsula
Site of one of the major Mycenaean palaces
Somehow survived the general upheaval/destruction around the
Mediterranean in the 13th century BCE
Same depopulation and decentralization as other Mycenaean sites, but the
city itself largely untouched
Protogeometric pottery appears in 11th century BCE
Athens was essentially a number of villages around the Acropolis
The basileus of Athens was likely the regional authority of Attica
Archaeological record shows population growth in the 10th century BCE
9th century synoecism happens gradually
Process of villages organizing as one political unit - the polis
Athenians attributed unification to Theseus
Theseus abolishes all local governments and established one
government in Athens
Synoikia festival celebrates this act
Common tradition of attributing important events of preliterate period to a
great figure of the legendary past
Athenians believed they were autochtonous (from the land)
Early Government
After unification, everyone in Attica was Athenian and could participate in
government and vote
Strictly Aristocratic
Archons replace the old basileus
Archon basileus
oversaw religion/cults of the polis, judged lawsuits pertaining to
cult property
Eponymous archon
oversaw all public affairs, presided over the council and assembly,
judged nonreligious cases until creation of thesmothetai
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