Class Notes (889,369)
US (345,075)
UCLA (10,565)
POL SCI (320)
Lecture 3

PS 171C Week 3.docx

5 Pages
119 Views

Department
Political Science
Course Code
POL SCI 171C
Professor
Tim Groseclose

This preview shows pages 1 and half of page 2. Sign up to view the full 5 pages of the document.

Loved by over 2.2 million students

Over 90% improved by at least one letter grade.

Leah — University of Toronto

OneClass has been such a huge help in my studies at UofT especially since I am a transfer student. OneClass is the study buddy I never had before and definitely gives me the extra push to get from a B to an A!

Leah — University of Toronto
Saarim — University of Michigan

Balancing social life With academics can be difficult, that is why I'm so glad that OneClass is out there where I can find the top notes for all of my classes. Now I can be the all-star student I want to be.

Saarim — University of Michigan
Jenna — University of Wisconsin

As a college student living on a college budget, I love how easy it is to earn gift cards just by submitting my notes.

Jenna — University of Wisconsin
Anne — University of California

OneClass has allowed me to catch up with my most difficult course! #lifesaver

Anne — University of California
Description
Tuesday  Industriousness and enthusiasm are the cornerstones for the pyramid of success  Also important: self control and confidence.  Do not use passive voice when writing bill. o Avoid “will be” and instead assign a specific Secretary/bureaucratic organization to enact policy  Labeling your bill o S. 123 = bill in the Senate o H.R. 123 = usual law/statute. For it to pass, needs the okay of the Senate and president’s signature/veto override o H. Res. 123 = Resolution expressing will of the House. E.g. “Resolved, the House congratulates…”  H. Res. = can also be a rule in the House  If H. Res., does not need the okay of the Senate nor president’s signature o H. Con. Res. 789, or H. J. Res. 789 = Concurrent or joint resolution. Used in cases where you need the okay of the Senate but not the president’s signature. Examples:  Fix the time that Congress adjourns  Specifies the time and place and rules of a state-of-the-union speech (president gives speech in a joint session)  Constitutional amendments  Resolution that both House and Senate agree on  Majority party gets more seats than fair percentage in Rules Committee (usually around 2 to 1 ratio)  Equal representation in the Ethics Committee  Transitivity and Majority Rule o If A P B and B P C, then A P C o “Is the cousin of” binary relationship that is not always transitive o “defeats by majority rule” is not transitive o Condorcet Paradox  3 voters  1. A 1 B P1C  2 B P C P A 2 2  3. C 3 A P3B  A defeats B (2 to 1). B defeats C (2 to 1). However, C defeats A.  McKelvey Chaos Theorem o Suppose B is a policy, say a bill. Say C is a policy that an agenda setter really likes (it can be any policy). Then there exists policies Z1, Z2, Z3,…Zn such that Z2 defeats B, Z2 defeats Z1, Z3 defeats Z2,...,Zn defeats Zn-1 ad C defeats Zn. o That is, let B be the bill. Suppose you pick a policy C. Then, I as the agenda setter, as the agenda setter, can choose a set of amendments, such that I can ensure that C is the final bill. o Let B = (6,6,6,6,6); C = (10,19.98,0.02,0,0). Pick a Z1 so I can get C. o Z1 = (7,0,0.01,7,15.99) o Note Z1 defeats B (Region 1, 4, and 5) and note that C defeats Z1 (Region 1, 2, and 3)  The MVT predicts that one alternative will defeat all others. This seemed to be true in the minimum-wage vote but not in our transportation-bill vote. Why not? o Minimum wage vote had transitive preferences. No transitive ordering of group preferences in the transportation bill game. o New question though, why no transitive ordering of preferences in the transportation bill game? o There are 5 dimensions in the transportation bill game (or you could say because the bill had to add to 30, there were really only 4, i.e. (x1, x2, x3, x4, 30-x1-x2-x3-x4)  What is diagonal politics? o Casting an issue in non-traditional coalition structures o Bundling two or more in non-traditional ways o Example: restricting campaign donations (Democrats liked) bundled with requiring judges to draw district lines (Republicans liked as minority party)  Problems with majority rule o Not necessarily transitive o Does not take into account intensity of preference (consider one dimensional policy space and applying MVT when a bare majority differs a lot with a group on other side of spectrum) o Might systematically exclude some members  From Madison: “Tyranny of the majority”  Won’t be a problem because coalitions will be fluid (large republic argument)  Lani Guinier, says otherwise in “Tyranny of the Majority”:  Coalitions are not fluid, especially racial minority groups (who are excluded  Solution: alternative system to majority rule. Instead of current institution, “take turns” on who gets control  Groseclose-Milyo “Choosing a restaurant problem”  Nobody gets their least favorite choice  Suppose there are 3 people who have to choose between 8 restaraunts  Stable with n people so long there are at least n+1 policies?  First person chooses 8^(2/3)=(8^1/3)
More Less
Unlock Document
Subscribers Only

Only pages 1 and half of page 2 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
Subscribers Only
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document
Subscribers Only

Log In


OR

Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit