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Lecture 13

PSYCH 130 Lecture Notes - Lecture 13: Evolutionary Medicine, Longitudinal Study, Object Permanence


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYCH 130
Professor
elizabethdarvick
Lecture
13

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W8L1 Tues 11/21/17
Attachment
Connection between child and caregiver
Most research study attachment between mother and child but does not necessarily
have to be a mother
Harlow & Attachment
Babies were weaned on a wire mother
One mother model resembles the baby monkey, has soft fur
Another mother is made of wire and has a bottle fixed for nutrition
Baby monkey spends significantly more time on the cloth mother than the nutrition
mother
Contact comfort
Food is important for survival BUT having someone that they can depend on is also
important
Caregivers provide comfort, care and protection
Babies are built to establish relationships with caregivers
Bowlby’s Ethological Theory of Attachment
Infant’s emotional tie to the caregiver is an evolved response that promotes survival
Preattachment (birth - 6 weeks): built in signals (grasping, smiling, crying and gazing
at adult faces) help bring infant in contact with caregiver
“Attachment in the making” (6 weeks - 6/8 months): baby responds differently to
familiar caregiver than to others
“Clear-cut” attachment (6/8-18 months): attachment is evident and characterized by
separation anxiety
Time period when babies begin to crawl and explore
After 18 mo, kids become less reliant on the secure base that is the caregiver,
more willing to explore on their own
Reciprocal relationship (18+ months): still have a special relationship with the
caregiver but is less dependent
Ainsworth’s Strange Situation
Assess quality of attachment to caregiver
Child and mother play in a room
Stranger enters and attempts to interact with child
Mother leaves the room, either with the stranger or alone
In either situation, if child is securely attached, he or she will explore their environment in
the presence of the caregiver
Child understands that there is a safe caregiver to return to
If the caregiver leaves, the child will cry or fuss but will be easily consoled when
caregiver returns
Stranger fails to comfort child
Attachment Styles
Secure: balance of seeking out caregiving and independent exploration
Use parent as a secure base
Prefer parent to stranger
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
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