ANTH 1000 Lecture 8: Chapter 3 Lecture

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8 Feb 2017
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Doing&Anthropology
Questionnaires,&collection& of&masses&of&quantifiable&data
Sociology&has&traditionally&focused&on&industrialized&Western&nations
Participant&observation-taking&part&in&events&one&is&observing,&describing,&
and&analyzing
Anthropology&has&traditionally&focused&on&small,&nonliterate&populations
Research&Methods&in&Cultural&Anthropology
Ethnography-historically&ethnographers&tried&to&understand&the&whole&of&a&
particular&culture
Now,&ethnographers&tend&to&focus&on&one&core&issue&or&question&(or&a&set&of&
related&issues&or&questions)
Free&ranging&strategy
Pay&careful&attention&to&details&of&daily&activities&and&events
Establish&rapport
Record&daily&field&notes
First&hand&observation
Structured,&semi-structured,&and&unstructured
Interview&schedule-ethnographer&talks&face&to&face&with&people,&
asks&questions,&and&writes&down&answers
Sample&size-small,&manageable&study&group
Conversation&with&different&degrees&of&formality
Recollection&of&a&lifetime&of&experiences
Can&provide&a&more&intimate&and&personal&cultural&portrait&than&
otherwise&possible
Procedures&to&discover&and&record&connections&of&kinship,&descent,&
and&marriage
Genealogy&is&a&prominent&building&block&in&the&social&organization&of&
nonindustrial&societies
Genealogical& data&help&understand&current&social&relations&and&
reconstruct&history
Genealogies
§People&who&can&provide&the&most&useful&or&complete&information&
about&particular&aspects&of&life&in&a&particular&community
Detailed&work&with&key&participants
In&depth&interviewing
Inquiry&into&local&beliefs&and&perspectives
Techniques
§Most&ethnographers&enter&the&field&with&a&&specific&question&or&
research&problem&in&mind&and&collect&relevant&data
Problem&oriented&research
§Long&term&study&of&an&area&or&population,&usually&on&a&repeated&
basis
Longitudinal&research
§Coordinated&research&done&by&multiple&ethnographers
Team&research
§Study&of&people&through&time&and&in&multiple&places
Multi&sited&research
§Involves&sampling;&impersonal&data&collection,&and&statistical&
analysis
§Respondents:&those&who&respond&to&questions&during&a&survey
Many&more&variable&affect&social&identities,&experiences,&and&
activities&in&modern&nation&than&in&small&communities
Social&predictors
§Variables:&attributes&that&vary&among&members&of&a&sample&or&
population
Survey&Research
Strategies
Ethnography
How&local&people&think,&gleaned&from&research&participants
Emic-Insider's&perspective
The&anthropologist's&account&of&what&local&people&think,&based&on&analysis&
of&research&findings
Etic-anthropologist's&perspective
Emic&vs.&Etic&Perspectives
Salvage&ethnography-the&belief&that&the&ethnographer's&job&is&to&study&
and&record&cultural&diversity&threatened&by&Westernization
Bronislaw&Malinowski
Goal-grasp&the&native's&view&(emic)
Ethnographic&realism-to&present&an&accurate,&objective,&scientific&account&of&a&
community's&way&of&life
Ethnography&in&its&infancy
Ethnographic&present-an&outdated&way&of&writing&that&ignores&the&historical,&
political,&and&other&external&factors&that&affect&a&community
Reflexive&ethnography-ethnographer&puts&personal&feelings&and&reactions&to&
the&field&situation&in&the&text
Evolution&of&Ethnography
Must&be&sensitive&to&cultural&differences
Must&be&aware&of,&and&observe,&procedures,&standards,&and&laws&in&the&
host&country
Anthropologists&typically&work&outside&their&own&society
Informed&Consent:&agreement&to&take&part&in&research&required
Human&Subject&Protections
Obtain&approval&from&relevant&institutional&review&boards
Procedural&Obligations
American&Anthropological&Association
Anthropologists&have&obligations&to&their&scholarly&field,&to&the&wider&
society&and&culture,&and&to&the&human&species,&other&species,&and&the&
environment
Code&of&Ethics
Establish&collaborative&relationships
Include&host&country&colleagues&in&planning&and&requests&for&funding&
requests
Include&host&country&colleagues&in&dissemination&of&research&results
Ensure&something&is&given&back
Be&open&and&honest&about&research&projects&with&all&parties&affected&by&
the&research
Pay&attention&to&proper&relations&between&themselves&as&guests&and&the&
host&nations&and&communities&where&they&work
Anthropologists&working&in&another&country&should&
Doing&Anthropology&Right&and&Wrong-Ethical&Issues
Chapter(3(Lecture
Tuesday,& February& 7,&2017
10:52&AM
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