POLS 1101 Lecture Notes - Lecture 23: Montreal Protocol, Kyoto Protocol, Preventive War

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POLS 1101
Bankert
11/14/17
Foreign Policy
Goals of Foreign Policy
Foreign policy: programs and policies that determine America’s relations with other nations and
foreign entities
American foreign policy purposes: security, prosperity, creation of a better world
Security
Paradigm shift
Non-state actors: Organized groups that are not nation-states that attempt to play a
role in the international system
Tools → enormous military apparatus, intelligence-gathering institutions
Guiding foreign policy principles
Understanding of how to protect the nation has changed over time
Isolationism: the avoidance of involvement in the affairs of other nations
Containment: a policy designed to curtail the political and military expansion of a hostile power
→ deterrence
Appeasement: an effort to forestall war by giving in to the demands of a hostile power
The effectiveness of deterrence
Effective for nation-states
Non effective for non-state actors
Countering New Security Threats
Shifting from deterrence to preventative war
Preventative war: a policy of striking first when a nation fears that a foreign foe is contemplating
hostile action
Diplomacy, Sanctions, and Collective Action
Obama administration has emphasized diplomacy, sanctions, and collective action
Economic Prosperity
A second major goal of US foreign policy
Trade policy: complex arrangement of treaties and tariffs
Advantages and disadvantages
International Humanitarian Policies
A third major goal of US foreign policy
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Document Summary

Foreign policy: programs and policies that determine america"s relations with other nations and foreign entities. American foreign policy purposes: security, prosperity, creation of a better world. Non-state actors: organized groups that are not nation-states that attempt to play a role in the international system. Understanding of how to protect the nation has changed over time. Isolationism: the avoidance of involvement in the affairs of other nations. Containment: a policy designed to curtail the political and military expansion of a hostile power. Appeasement: an effort to forestall war by giving in to the demands of a hostile power. Preventative war: a policy of striking first when a nation fears that a foreign foe is contemplating hostile action. Obama administration has emphasized diplomacy, sanctions, and collective action. A second major goal of us foreign policy. Trade policy: complex arrangement of treaties and tariffs. A third major goal of us foreign policy.

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