ANT 304 Lecture 13: 09-28-16 ANT 304

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8 Feb 2017
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09-28-16 ANT 304
ARCHAIC PERIOD CONTINUED
1. Archaic period- humans are more aware of their environment and learn to adapt to
them: foundation of many societies to follow
a. What grows in what season
b. What a you ad a’t you eat
c. Change the way they make clothes
2. Late Prehistoric time
a. Refined tools- bow & arrow
b. More bone artifacts (due to preservation)
c. Intro to pottery- implies that people are less mobile and at a semi-permanent
settlement
d. Horticulturists (agriculturalists)
i. Maize (corn)
ii. Beans
iii. Squash
iv. Potatoes
v. Tomatoes
vi. Cotton
vii. Chocolate
e. Domestication- specific relationship between humans and plants/animals
i. Interdependent relationship
ii. Not originally intentional; artificial selection- wolf dogs
POLITICAL ORGANIZATION
1. Political organization- concerned with the management of the affairs of public policy of
a society
a. Present in ALL societies
b. Maintains social order and reduces disorder
c. 4 basic forms:
i. Informal/decentralized
1. Bands- small autonomous group, least complicated form of
political organization
a. Associated nuclear families
b. Stay together if there are resources in the environment to
provide for them all; once resources diminish, they split
into new smaller bands
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