Class Notes (834,620)
United States (323,833)
Sociology (255)
SOC 308 (16)

URB public housing.pdf

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SOC 308

Ghettoization of public housing▯ ▯ the result of the public housing program of the US was to segregate races. to keep ▯isadvantaged in inner city and use the suburb as a refuge for problems of race, crime, poverty.▯ Other countries had created these low interest housing while the United States was falling behind in comparison. ▯ ▯ Edith Wood said that govt. action to replace slums would improve citizenship, lower welfare ▯osts, and reduce crime. only new york and north dakota accepted the provision ▯ ▯ ▯ ▯ administration of F Roosevelt started its own construction program. the National Industrial 1. to increase employment (congress wanted to create jobs, not housing)▯ 2. to improve housing for the poor▯ 3. to demonstrate to private industry the feasibility of large scale community planning efforts▯ 4. to eradicate and rehabilitate slum areas in order “to check the exodus to the outer limits of cities with consequence costly utility extensions and leaving the centrally located areas ▯ unable to pay their way.”▯ the public works administration (PWA) housing division▯ accomplish these through 3 ways:▯ 1. the PWA could lend money to corporations whose interests are in clearing slums▯ 2. grants and loans could be made possible to public authorities for the same purpose▯ ▯. the PWA could buy, condemn, sell, or lease property for developing new projects▯ the housing division was unable to rebuild the slums so it turned to its second alternative- the PWA to work with local authorities. failed▯ in 1937 only new york city had created housing with local funds▯ ▯ by condemnation or purchase. ▯ts own low-income housing projects on land acquired for the govt. ▯ the USHA (united states housing authority) replaced the PWA and spent $129 million building 21,000 units in 49 separate projects. ▯ ▯ Judge Dawson said that it was unconstitutional for the PWA to acquire land by condemnation.▯ now the PWA had to purchase private land at market prices. this increased the cost and decreased their number of projects. ▯ ▯ Roosevelt signed the US housing act in sep. 1937. it was now govt. responsibility for construction of decent, low-cost homes. ▯ USHA was to funnel money by: by lending 90% of costs of a project to local officials or subsidizing construction and maintenance costs.▯ ▯ Didn't fulfill expectations because conservatives frequently found opportunities to reduce it
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