POLS 102 Lecture 7: Political science - 3 feb

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9 Feb 2017
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3 February 2017
Liberalism vs. conservatism
Three dimensions in each ideology:
Human nature How does the ideology view humans?
Individual behavior Can people take care of themselves?
Government intervention both economic (taxation) and social (abortion, gay marriage
etc.)
Classical liberalism John Locke
Human nature Positive view, capable of making rational decisions
Government Necessary but it should be limited and serve to protect rights
Life, liberty and property
Night-watchmen state Basic function, protect territory
Social + economic Leave individual rights untouched
Ideology is alike libertarian (classical liberalism is the modern version)
How do we promote freedom under modern liberalism?
State intervention to promote and enhance individual freedom
Support social welfare of society
Natural equality Life, liberty, property
Traditional conservatism
Human nature Irrational and emotional and individuals need guidance from traditional
authorities for society to enjoy peace and stability
Religious leaders, monarchies etc.
Government should:
Social Enhance traditional values and morals
Economic Pay less attention
Liberalism and conservatism advocate activist government but in different ways.
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