HSHM 211 Lecture 5: Global Catastrophe 5
Premium

2 Pages
14 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Hist of Science, Hist of Med
Course
HSHM 211
Professor
William Rankin
Semester
Spring

Description
HSHM 211: GLOBAL CATASTROPHE SINCE 1750 2/8/17: The earth sciences as a service  Ideas of pure science and linear model separate science from capitalism 1. But, these are elitist, historically incorrect, and ignore most actual scientists  Natural resources management in the U.S. 1. Collaboration between state and business 2. Neither pure private property nor total state control 3. Today, govt.-funded resource surveys used a. Change from science as public good to science as public service b. Mapping land v. mapping water (historical divergence) c. Professionalization o Science as full-time job d. Many earth science agencies established in 1800s 4. Geological surveys conducted by Europe and U.S. by late 1800s  Era of one-off surveys 1. Sponsored by government a. Maritime missions as well 2. Expeditions a. Lewis and Clark (1804-1806) o Exerting U.S. control over boundary purchase rather than scientific expedition b. U.S. and Mexican Boundary Survey (1848-1855) o Marking boundary, also not scientific c. Pacific railroad surveys (1853-1855) o Lay out major infrastructure d. “Four great surveys of the west” o Goals included mapping Grand Canyon, Rocky Mountains, Yosemite, etc. 3. Results of these surveys were expansive despite their narrow rationales a. Discoveries in botany, zoology, paleontology, geology, ethnology o Lewis & Clark: hundreds of new species of plants and animals discovered o Boundary Survey: ethnographic drawings o Pacific railroad: paleontology, drawings and paintings 4. Maritime expeditions a. Wilkes Expedition (1838-1842) o Primary task was surveying and charting o Created volumes on species, “The Races of Man,” scientific theories on oceanic temperatures, etc. 5. Govt. was not funding to support these scientific discoveries 6. “Humboldtian science”: umbrella term for all explorative science a. Unit
More Less

Related notes for HSHM 211

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit