NUR5111 Study Guide - Final Guide: Xerostomia, Insomnia, Carbidopa

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Chapter 9 drugs affecting cholinergic transmission / chapter 13 (pg. 298 309) anti anxiety, sedative & hypnotic drugs. 282 287) analgesics / chapter 17 (pg. 387-389; 377-383) drugs for neurodegenerative disorders & headache. Chapter 14 antiepileptic drugs / chapter 40 (pg. Used for non-obstructive urinary retention and for atony of the urinary bladder associated with retention. Choline esters are chemically similar to ach. Cholinomimetic alkaloids & synthetic analogues includes muscarin, bethanechol, pilocarpine & oxotremorine. Competitively block the action of ach at muscarinic receptors. Block the effects of stimulation of the parasympathetic nervous system. Has a greater permeation of the blood-brain barrier than atropine, so has marked effects on the cns. Very little effect on the actions of ach at nicotinic receptors. Relaxes smooth muscle of the bronchial tract (less effective than adrenaline) Effects the cns; causes excitement, agitation, irritability, hallucinations. Used for urinary dysfunction (contracts smooth muscle of the bladder)

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