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SOCI 201 Study Guide - Quiz Guide: Structural Functionalism, Bourgeoisie, Proletariat


Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOCI 201
Professor
Steve Dumas
Study Guide
Quiz

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IF BOLD, WILL BE ON TEST
****Absolute poverty, in ability to attain the basic necessities of life
*****Low Income Cutoff Point- This measure is a measure of what kind of poverty?
Relative poverty
*****Basic needs measure? Calculate how much it costs to attain the basic needs
of life in a particular place
CANADA DOES NOT HAVE AN OFFICIAL POVERTY LINE
A person spends about a of their budget on food
The consequence of relative poverty include:
Delayed vocab development
Poor health and hygiene
Poor nutrition
Absenteeism and low scholastic achievement
Behavioural and mental problems (crime/deviance)
Low housing standards
Greater likelihood of being poor in adulthood
Those who are impoverished come from particular social groups
Studies have shown the number 1 determinant that makes it more likely your
impoverished is family structure (those born in singe parent families are more
likely to be impoverished as an adult)
Age is also a big factor
Females more likely to be impoverished
People of minority groups
People with disabilities
Social stratification
-Open and closed (what you’re born into is what your likely to be in for your whole life)
A meritocracy is where you earn and deserve your social class position
-Status available in society (Ascribed means you’re born with it ie. Sex, ethnicity,
etc) (Achieved… you earn it, goes up or down, changeable during life course)
-POVERTY IS NOT RANDOM
Relative to even Northern euro countries, canada does relatively well with people
moving up or down in social stratification system, but people are more likely to stay
within their class
THERE IS A NOTION OF HEGEMONY (IDEOLOGICAL DOMINATION) IDEA PUT
FORTH BY A MRXIST SCHOLAR (BY THE NAME OF GRAMSCI)
A “GUEST” IN MUSSOLINI'S PRISONS WROTE A BOOK ABOUT HEGEMONY AND
INTRODUCED THE TERM
-WHY DID ITALIANS FOLLOW MUSSOLINI? WHY DID GERMANS FOLLOW
HITLER?
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