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MUSC 2150 Study Guide - Quiz Guide: Electric Blues, Dalton Trumbo, Delta Blues

Course Code
MUSC 2150
Shannon Carter
Study Guide

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Unit 8: Psychedelic/Acid Rock
Good Vibrations The Beach Boys (254)
Produced by Brian Wilson
Example of Psychedelic pop
Je’s hap ad eleto theei
o Electro theremin is a box that produces a simple wave electronically
o Sine waves volume is controlled by a knob on the box and the pitch is controlled
with a slide that runs along a rod
o The sound of an electro theremin is similar to another electronic instrument, the
theremin, but the control of pitch and volume is very different
Song created by splicing together different tapes of recorded material
Using pre-recorded amterial and manipulating it through splicing the tape was a
technique in use by avant-garde art-music composers since the 1950s
Heard it before in tomorrow never knows by the Beatles
Technique eates soud that aot e epodued lie, oig a goup’s edeaous
away from touring and into the studio
FORM: the first half of the song uses contrasting verse-chorus form, which breaks off
after the second statement of the chorus. At that point, a series of three sections begin,
the last of which uses music from the chorus to help round the song off as it fades out.
Taken as a whole, the song does not fit neatly into any conventional pop formal pattern,
except in the most general sense that contrasting material often follows the second
statement of the chorus
TIME SIGNATURE: 4/4 = Quadruple Simple
INSTRUMENTATION: organ, guitar, bass, drums, woodwinds, cellos, slide theremin, bass
haoia, Je’s hap, taouie, sleigh ells, aaas, lead ad backing vocals
A Day in the Life Beatles (257)
Example of psychedelic pop
FORM: compound ABA form
Vocals begin with an echo added
FORM: Compound ABA form, with both the A and B sections using a simple verse
scheme. The A section is an incomplete song by John Lennon, while the B section is an
incomplete song by Paul McCartney. The two songs are stitched together by an
interlude that leads from the A section to the B section, and by a bridge that returns to
the A section. In the interlude, the Beatles employ the strings in an avant-garde manner,
creating a strange growing of sound that is repeated at the end of the song
TIME SIGNATURE: 4/4 quadruple simple
INSTRUMENTATION: acoustic guitar, piano, bass, drums, maracas, strings, bass alarm
clock, lead vocals
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White Rabbit The Jefferson Airplane (266)
Example of Acid Rock
Note the lick in the guitar in introduction: based on Spanish bolero dance rhythm
Piee is oe log esedo ad ehoes Mauie Rael’s Boleo
Use of snare drum in white rabbit is also a diet efeee to Rael’s ok
Ravel was a more traditional classical-music composer from the early twentieth century
The dug efeees i the sog ilude the title hite ait hih as a eupheis
fo pshedeli dugs hasig aits, eatig ushoos, ad the phase feed ou
head all efe to takig dugs
Bit of distortion on the lead guitar and it wanders somewhat aimlessly around the vocals
Also heavy reverb on the vocals
Both are intended to recreate the distortion of reality that takes plae duig a Tip
FORM: AABA form, with the last verse expanded to create a musical climax. The entire
piece builds gradually, beginning quietly and ending loudly
TIME SIGNATURE: 4/4/ (quadruple simple) with the drums suggesting a Spanish flavour
in imitation of a bolero rhythm
INSTRUMENTATION: electric guitars, bass, drums, lead vocals
Sunshine of your love Cream (275)
Example of psychedelic blues no unusual instruments here = traditional electric-blues
Note the lick in the guitar and the bass at the beginning: the song is built around it
Lick is immediately picked up by the vocals when they enter
The building of a musical work from a lick or riff has been common feature of classical
music since the 18th century, however, in classical music licks and riffs are called
Ei Clapto pefos a ipoisato guita solo at :, siila to the ae-ups
performed by the Yardbirds
o Solo is technically challenging for the soloist, a characteristic similar to traditional
classical music as well as jazz
Clapton adds two electronic effects to his guitar: distortion and wah-wah
o Guitarist controls the effects through foot pedals
o Note: demonstrations represent just one make of pedal for each effect
o Pedals made by different companies will have slightly different sounds
o The purpose of the effects in this case is less to recreate an acid trip and more to
ake the guita’s tie a ad gitt, as eoes lues
o These effects, along with a slew of others, became very popular in later rock
FORM: simple verse with each verse employing the same 24-bar pattern, created by
doubling each emasure in the standard 12-bar blues structure so that each single
easue eoes to easues. The sog das o the lik lues taditio of
building a tune around a repeating riff or lick. Note the expansion of the 24-bar pattern
that occurs in the last verse
TIME SIGNATURE: 4/4 quadruple simple
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INSTRUMENTATION: electric guitar, bass, drums, lead vocals
Purple Haze Jimi Hendrix (277)
Example of psychedelic blues played by a traditional electric- blues combo
Guitar solo is very challenging, requiring a virtuoso performer, again reminiscent of
classical music and jazz
Like Clapton, Hendrix adds effects to his guitar, including distortion and wah-wah
o In this case, the effects tend to reinforce the sense of disorientation and
confusion mentioned in the lyrics
This song does soom to recreate a drug trip, however, Hendrix claimed it was about a
dream of getting lost while walking under water
The te puple haze as slag at the tie fo oth a ad of L“D ad a tpe of
Note what Covach says about the structure: the recurrence of the introduction after an
instrumental bridge that essentially restarts the song will be much imitated in later rock
FORM: Simple verse, with contrasting instrumental bridge. The introduction plays an
important role in the track, and it returns after the instrumental bridge, serving to
relaunch the tune. The practice of using an instrumental bridge and returning to the
introduction to set up the last verse are features that will become commonplace in later
rock music
TIME SIGNATURE: 4/4 quadruple simple
INSTRUMENTATION: electric guitars, bass, drums, lead vocals, and extra spoken voices
Unit 9: Rock Explodes Recording Techniques and New Styles
Whole Lotta Love Led Zepplin (298)
Example of British psychedelic blues-rock
Contains elements of both psychedelic rock/pop and blues, but also of classical music
Note the compound form (a form within a form) of this work: a common feature of
classical music
Note the slide-guitar responses to the vocals in the chorus. Remember, slide guitar was
a feature of American delta blues
Vocal timbre is very rough; Robert Plant moves frequently into his falsetto these are
both features of blues
The B setio is e pshedeli: Plat’s ails oe fo oe speake to the othe,
exploring stereophonic sound (this was a cool effect at the time; our ears are rather
jaded these days) and a theremin
The sounds were manipulated in studio to create a rather unearthly effect
In the coda there is a vocal cadenza
o Cadenza is a term from classical music; it is an unaccompanied, usually
improvised solo by an instrument (in this case the voice) within a larger
orchestral (in this case a rock) work the instruments then rejoin Plant and he
improves to the end
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