Study Guides (275,637)
CA (150,909)
U of G (8,574)
POLS (384)
POLS 3160 (5)
Study Guide

[POLS 3160] - Final Exam Guide - Ultimate 26 pages long Study Guide!

26 Pages
23 Views
Fall 2016

Department
Political Science
Course Code
POLS 3160
Professor
Candace Johnson
Study Guide
Final

This preview shows pages 1-3. Sign up to view the full 26 pages of the document.
UofG
POLS 3160
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
Week 6 Readings
Women Displaced: Democracy, Development and Identity in India- Harcourt and Escobar (Ch 8)
There is a continuing assumption among political and economic ruling elites that their interventions in the name of
development and democracy are what communities and countries nee
o That they are inevitable and just
Development interventions or political, economic and cultural developments have created the loss of meaning
and connection to place
Voices, ideas and visions are consequently devalued based on the historical evolution of knowledge systems and
the experiences of people located in place
There are significant differences between movements
o Historical, ideological, cultural
Social justice is not just the relative struggle for rights but also for the definition of what constitutes development,
knowledge, democracy and dignity
Movements in India
o Constantly struggled to redefine democracy from the post-independence period
o Response of those in political power is to decentralize the state process to more and more localities/local
elites
Democracy is widely propagated as representative
o It is really a highly restricted and shallow political process
o The democratic process is limited for indigenous and peasant communities, minorities, women
The process can be antagonistic and insensitive
Regimes have become more sophisticated in dealing with dissent
Historical, social and economic structures have marginalized and discriminated against women
o Often removed from active and sustained participation in democratic processes due to the patriarchal state
and family structures
Women in social movements see the limits of representative democracy
o Seek to democratize society and democratize movement in very different ways
India
o Almost 70% of the population depends on natural resources or their survival
o Most serious crisis is the exploitation, destruction, commodification and privatization of natural resources
o Vulnerability of the people increases as the commons are invaded and privatized
o Problem of the viability of the ecological system as the commons are appropriated by interest groups that
are opposed to the place-based livelihoods of local communities
Further displaced and alienated women
Examples of displacement
o India's Koel and Karo Valleys
Struggle of tribal communities took place in the southern part of the eastern state of Bihar
State had since been bifurcated into the predominantly tribal southern state of Jharkhand and
the northern state of Bahir
Democratic struggle against a hydroelectric project
A struggle for identity, justice and place
Project targeted to generate 710mW of electricity composed of two dams
Displacements of people were about 20,000 people
Local people launched a peaceful resistance "we will give our life but not our land"
Women equally participated with blocking project related vehicles, machinery or
personnel
Women ploughed roads and sowed seeds
Project was stopped in 1995
In late 2000, people wanted to start it again but another resistance ensued
Place based interests of local communities often comes into conflict with the national interests of the state and of
national and global capital
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
State and central governments have sought to keep the channels of extraction open
Biggest threat to tribal people groups is the large scale alienation from their land by projects such as mines,
industry, animal sanctuaries, townships, military cantonments, highways
Politics of place are more than gender, class and ethnic struggles over environment
o Women's environmental movements, ethnic, tribal and rural farmer's struggles are about terms of
connection between groups + species in the physical world
Places are not treated as real estate but rather as the ground where body, home, community and habitat are
joined in everyday experience and history
How are contemporary movements responding to the politics of boundary making at 5 levels
o (1) boundary of the Indian Nation state
o (2) the internal political boundaries within the nation state
o (3) boundaries between urban and rural spaces
o (4) boundaries within the community
o (5) boundaries within the family
A woman and the politics of place framework offers a fundamental intellectual and political challenge as women
are providing leadership and in more public roles
There is a sharper realization of the multiple identities within a single individual
Since Indian independence in 1947, planned development programs have displaced 20/30 million women
The politicization of religious fundamentalism has been on the rise world wide
Does Women's Proportional Strength Affect their Participation? Governing Local Forests in South Asia- Bina Agarwal
“tudies o geder ad eiroetal goerae hae foused ail o oes liited partiipatio i loal
institutions
neglects the in-between process the impact of womens numbers on their effective participation
o such as attending and speaking up at meetings, and holding office
There is an assertion that women's effectiveness in public forums depends on their proportional strength in the
forum
o Greater the presence = greater their ability to influence public policy and political behaviour
o Crossing the "threshold" will make a women's presence effective
1/3 of women have gained popularity as the "critical mass" and forms the basis for legislating or lobbying for
gender quotas in numerous institutions
Active participation is a necessary immediate step for women to influence decisions
Californian City council with a female majority
o (1) presence of females encouraged female representative to speak out and participate
o (2) women on the board felt more free to pursue issues which they may not have done otherwise
Has been little empirical testing of how the gender composition of female groups can impact their functioning
CFI's
o India
Have rights to extract non-timber products and to a proportion of any mature timber that is allowed
to be harvested
o Nepal
Principle CFI's can extract all products and keep the full amount
Timber cutting is restricted according to how the forest department defines "sustainable harvest
levels"
Districts: Baglung, Parbat and Gorkha (small spillover into Dhading when replacement CFIs were
needed for G)
Socially, tribal women face more restrictions than Hindu women
Study districts fall in the middle hills (a sub-tropical zone with mostly deciduous forests,
significant ethnic population and poverty)
Have realtively low levels of complete landlessness
Not a requirement to include women in the executive committee although it is suggested
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com

Loved by over 2.2 million students

Over 90% improved by at least one letter grade.

Leah — University of Toronto

OneClass has been such a huge help in my studies at UofT especially since I am a transfer student. OneClass is the study buddy I never had before and definitely gives me the extra push to get from a B to an A!

Leah — University of Toronto
Saarim — University of Michigan

Balancing social life With academics can be difficult, that is why I'm so glad that OneClass is out there where I can find the top notes for all of my classes. Now I can be the all-star student I want to be.

Saarim — University of Michigan
Jenna — University of Wisconsin

As a college student living on a college budget, I love how easy it is to earn gift cards just by submitting my notes.

Jenna — University of Wisconsin
Anne — University of California

OneClass has allowed me to catch up with my most difficult course! #lifesaver

Anne — University of California
Description
[POLS 3160] Comprehensive Final Exam guide including any lecture notes, textbook notes and exam guides.find more resources at oneclass.com Week 6 Readings Women Displaced: Democracy, Development and Identity in India- Harcourt and Escobar (Ch 8)  There is a continuing assumption among political and economic ruling elites that their interventions in the name of development and democracy are what communities and countries nee o That they are inevitable and just  Development interventions or political, economic and cultural developments have created the loss of meaning and connection to place  Voices, ideas and visions are consequently devalued based on the historical evolution of knowledge systems and the experiences of people located in place  There are significant differences between movements o Historical, ideological, cultural  Social justice is not just the relative struggle for rights but also for the definition of what constitutes development, knowledge, democracy and dignity  Movements in India o Constantly struggled to redefine democracy from the post-independence period o Response of those in political power is to decentralize the state process to more and more localities/local elites  Democracy is widely propagated as representative o It is really a highly restricted and shallow political process o The democratic process is limited for indigenous and peasant communities, minorities, women  The process can be antagonistic and insensitive  Regimes have become more sophisticated in dealing with dissent  Historical, social and economic structures have marginalized and discriminated against women o Often removed from active and sustained participation in democratic processes due to the patriarchal state and family structures  Women in social movements see the limits of representative democracy o Seek to democratize society and democratize movement in very different ways  India o Almost 70% of the population depends on natural resources or their survival o Most serious crisis is the exploitation, destruction, commodification and privatization of natural resources o Vulnerability of the people increases as the commons are invaded and privatized o Problem of the viability of the ecological system as the commons are appropriated by interest groups that are opposed to the place-based livelihoods of local communities  Further displaced and alienated women  Examples of displacement o India's Koel and Karo Valleys  Struggle of tribal communities took place in the southern part of the eastern state of Bihar  State had since been bifurcated into the predominantly tribal southern state of Jharkhand and the northern state of Bahir  Democratic struggle against a hydroelectric project  A struggle for identity, justice and place  Project targeted to generate 710mW of electricity composed of two dams  Displacements of people were about 20,000 people  Local people launched a peaceful resistance "we will give our life but not our land"  Women equally participated with blocking project related vehicles, machinery or personnel  Women ploughed roads and sowed seeds  Project was stopped in 1995  In late 2000, people wanted to start it again but another resistance ensued  Place based interests of local communities often comes into conflict with the national interests of the state and of national and global capital find more resources at oneclass.com
More Less
Unlock Document
Subscribers Only

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
Subscribers Only
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document
Subscribers Only

You've reached the limit of 4 previews this month

Create an account for unlimited previews.

Already have an account?

Log In


OR

Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit