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Lecture 22 Abnormal Psychology pt2.docx
Lecture 22 Abnormal Psychology pt2.docx

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University of Guelph
PSYC 1000
Lisa Giguere

Lecture 22 Abnormal Psychology Part 2 Nov 22, 2012 1. A) What are anxiety disorders? - cluster of disorders characterized by excessive worrying about future events that typically brings people to avoid certain situations - GAD, panic, phobias, OCD, PTSD Generalized Anxiety Disorder - apprehension and agitation persistent and uncontrollable - inability to identify cause of anxiety (free-floating fear) - activation of the autonomic system Phobias Distinguishing fear and phobia - more than just a strong fear or dislike - specific phobia is an uncontrollable, irrational, intense desire to avoid certain situations, people or objects Obsessive compulsive disorder - obsessions are intense unwanted worries, ideas and images that repeatedly pop up in the mind - a compulsion is a repeatedly strong feeling of “needing” to carry out an action (doesn’t make sense) - distress: deeply frustrated with not being able to control behaviours - dysfunction: when time and energy spent on behaviours interfere with life 1. B) How are anxiety disorders explained? Understanding anxiety disorders- psychological factors - conditioning and learning - cognitivie appraisal - personality Classical conditioning and anxiety - acquiring (learning) anxious responses - eg/ little albert, 1929, overgeneralized response Operant conditioning and anxiety - negative reinforcement motivating anxious-avoidant responses - results in increase in anxious thoughts and behavior - maintain anxious responses Observational learning and anxiety - anxiety can be a
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