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SOC 1100 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Social Conflict Theory, Bourgeoisie, Émile Durkheim

Course Code
SOC 1100
Linda Gerber
Study Guide

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-Theory – statement of how specific things are related
-Social conflict theory – groups with more power will use it to exploit those with less power.
Exploitation through brutal force & economics. Based on conflicts & changes.
-Symbolic Interaction Approach – society is based on how people interact with each other.
-Structural-functionalism – Society is a structure with interrelated parts. Functionalism means
the society as a whole in terms of its constituent elements; norms, customs, traditions.
-Theoretical Approach – basic image of the society that guides the thinking & research.
Auguste Comte – Society wants to be kept unified, when traditions break down.
Herbert – Compares society to the human body; Supports the structural-functional approach.
Emile Durkheim – Society & function:
Society has an objective existence apart from its individual members.
Basically people have to work together
Division of Labour weakens traditional bonds
Max Weber - Idealist Approach:
Emphasizes the power of ideas to shape society
Traditions & Rationality
Karl Marx – Society & conflict:
Material approach – means society is defined by their economic system; how
humans produce material goods shapes their lives.
Class-conflict is clashes between classes with different powers.
Lensky – Society & Technology:
How technology shapes society
Socio-cultural Evolution is changes in a society that occur due to new
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