CLAS104 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Karamenderes River, Eileithyia, Odysseus

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Herkaios, z. soter etc: upholder of justice, displays human failings, power: sometimes limited (shackled by hera poseidon and athena), sometimes supreme. Ares & aphrodite: hebe (married heracles) cf. Offspring of zeus and : leto (latona): apollo & artemis (diana, metis: athena (minerva, dione: aphrodite (venus, maia: hermes (mercury, semele: dionysus (bacchus, liber) Olympian list: (hestia), (hades), demeter, poseidon, hera, zeus, ares, aphrodite, apollo, artemis, athena, Nature of the gods: anthropomorphic, idealized (perfectly beautiful-except hephaestus, embodiment of an aspect of human culture or the natural world, immortal (nectar, ambrosia, ichor): gods as foils for humans eg. Iliad: polytheistic, development from multiplicity of nature and human culture; from political expansion eg. Egypt: co-exists with monotheism, hierarchy of gods: a) olympians b) cthonic gods etc. c) nymphs and rivers gods, fatalistic: Religion: religion was all-pervasive, religion and myth (cf. Ritual school: myth was used in ritual eg. dithyramb eg. Homeric hymns: but myth had a life of its own.

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