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psyc 331 final.doc

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PSYC 331
Don Dutton

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psyc 331: final psyc 331 the abusive personaity all societies have to teach people not to be violent THEABUSIVE PERSONALITY CENTRAL ORGANIZING FEATURE externalize-act out/aggressive for example external attribution--people who put the blame on others impaired threat assessment-perceive certain kinds of threats to be extreme affective or emotional control TRAITABUSIVENESS 2/3 of people who change partners are no longer abusive in their next relationship 1/3 of people are chronically abusive (abusive to all partners) ABUSER CLASSIFICATION people who use violence inside and outside a relationship=antisocial, generally violent, instrumental borderline/emotionallyvolatile/impulsive emotionally suppressed/overcontrolled/family CHARACTERISTICS OF OVERCONTROLLED you dont find a wide crime spree for the criminal records of these people; they dont have an antisocial criminal pattern chronic resentment-ongoing resentment of something that really bothers them in their life that they cannot let go CHARACTERISTICS OF INSTRUMENTAL antisocial types who are violent inside and outside of the home dismissive of other people ANTISOCIAL antisociality had very early warnings attached to it CHARACTERISTICS OF IMPULSIVE cyclical phases: they are described by their partners as dr Jekyll and mr. Hyde (nice guy turned bad, then nice again) very suspious and jealous high levels of negative emotionality CYCLE OF VIOLENCE tension building stage-person is going into a darker phase (victim thinks there is something in the environment which is causing this moody behaviour and they go out of their way to make the environment better for them-they feel like they are walking on eggshells); battering stage-something within the person drives them to act out (violence ensues; typically this is where the police are called ); calm stage-perpetrator transforms into someone who begs for forgiveness and promises to change (this is a confusing stage for the victim-almost like there are two people housed under this one casing-Dr. Jekyll is back) ESSENTIAL CHARACTERISTICS OF THE BORDERLINE PERSONALITY bordering between normality and psychosis their personality is linked specifically to their intimate partner GUNDERSONS THREE PHASE DEENSE STRUCTURE OF THE BORDERLINE PERSONALITY these people go through predictable stages phase 1: they are in the relationship, stuck, unhappy, but they dont have the insight to feel it is a problem of themselves so they blame their wife phase 2: relationship is seen as possibly lost phase 3: substance abuse and promiscuity in order not to feel alone WESTEN & SHEDLER'S DEFINITION OF BORDERLINE inability to self sooth- 1 theory was that their had parents which didnt care about how they did which resulted in an unstable sense of self CYCLICAL BORDERLINE PERSONALITY DUTTON RESEARCH: TESTING they didnt do the assessment before the group they waited 3-4 weeks and gained a bond with the people in order to make them more honest and open BPO scale - on a continuum (borderline personality organization); where does someone fall on a continuum BPO SCALE measured 3 major aspects of BP reality testing-do they slip into a psychotic state primitive defences- most people can give you a comprehensive idea of how their partner is with a combination of integrated positives and negatives; BPD people either see their partner as all good or all bad THE CENTRALITY O BPO INANASSAULTIVE GROUP OF MALES center BPO is their BPO score words in black are the men's self report words in red are the females reports of abuse all the correlations are significant correlated with trauma symptoms (family generated trauma) fearful/angry attachment- BPD is a type of attachment disorder borderlines are more likely to report behaviours that were rejecting by their father and to a lesser extent rejecting by their mother (this is reversed for women; women feel as though they were more rejected by their mother) THE CENRALITY OF BPO IN ANON-ASSAULTIVE GROUP OF MALES a comparison group which is demographically matched reports of rejection by father and mother ATTACHMENT WHY ISATTACHMENT IMPORTANT? Bowlby: one of the 1st to rely on evolutionary theory Freud thought the main human motive was sexual repression MOTHERLESS MOTHERS when monkeys had a lack of parenting when they were young they turned into abusive parents ROUNSAVILLE ATTACHMENT BEHAVIOURAL SYSTEM if any stressor/alarm of any kinds enpintched on the infant it will cause them to locomote toward their mother/a secure base when the secure base want immediately there their stress would culminate to an angry stress reaction (tantrum) ATTACHMENT ATTACHMENTAND NEURODEVELOPMENT happens predominantly in first couple years of life because this is when the brain is rapidly growing (especially right hemisphere); but doesnt happen exclusively in this time interaction b/n mother and infant key to neural development = protoconversation (communications w/ baby-mom; develop link with mothers affect) SCHORE in terms of your emotional reactivity; the most important relationship is the one with your mother when this neurodevelopment was happening; so one you dont remember key thing: you arent getting someone who is imitatin bad behavours they see in the family; they have major problems with emotion regulation SLIDE 52 fearfully attached men were most violent to their partners SOCIAL INFORMATION PROCESSING DEFICITS INABUSED CHILDREN give kids hypothetical scenario; abused kids say the whole conflict is defined by the person they dont identify with's personality; they think anger is the best response; dont say to use good conflict resoultion strategies SHAMING 3 ways a parent can shame children if you dont know why you are being punished you begin to think you are being punished for who you are PATTERNS OF CORRELATION B/N EARLY EXPERIENCES OF ABUSE BY PARENTS ANDADULTABUSE PERPETRATION FOO= family of origin ATTACHMENTANDADOLESCENTAGGRESSION The more insecure someones attachment the more externalizing they do FEARON ETAL. Focused on people who are insecurely attached in that they have a different appraisal of threat in AI kids People with insecure attachment don’t have the ability to self sooth; the more scared we are the more likely we are to act out which may contribute to the externalizing of AI children Belongingness in adulthood has links toAI in children ANXIOUSATTACHMENT AI AND CONDUCT PROBLEMS Internalizing behaviours: opposite to externalizing; becoming so withdrawn that they cannot be reached; this can lead to many psychological issues People ruminate as a reaction to stress in result of their attachment Adolescents are very caught up with relationships—romantic and social—these relationships will be most related to their attachment in childhood LYONS-RUTH Did Harvard parenting study and found disorganized attachment (infants put into the strange situation and then are reunited with their mothers will run up to mom then run away again)—this attachment produced aggression in childhood because the child is frightened of what is meant to be their secure base LYONS-RUTH: HARVARD FAMILY PATHWAYS STUDY They would video tape mother child interactions in order to get a good idea as to what is going on Found that the quality of mother child interactions is a predictor even when you control for many other things ATTACHMENTAND HOMOCIDE ESTRANGEMENTAS ARISK FACTOR it is more common for a husband to kill his wife than a wife to kill her husband it is still a rare event REACTIVEABANDONMENT KILLING person who was rejected goes back to ask if they can figure it out, their ex. significant other says no and then there is a reactive instantaneous killing (most often with a we
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