55-202 Study Guide - Final Guide: Glomerulus (Olfaction), Nephron, Neutrophil
SchoolUniversity of Windsor
Course CodeBIOL 2021
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December 1, 2014
Anatomy Exam Review
• Characterize the 3-formed elements in the blood.
Erythrocytes (RBC) Leukocytes (WBC) Platelets
O2 transport (filled with
haemoglobin) Protect body from infections Clotting of blood
– don't need energy to function
- packed full of only haemoglobin
(efficient O2 transport)
Function outside the blood
stream by :
DIAPEDESIS : leave capillaries
to go where needed
Cell fragments (not true cells)
NLMEB – MOST TO LEAST
At a cut platelet rushes to the site
– shoots a net and other platelets
Originate – bone marrow Formed – bone marrow
• Describe the layers of the heart wall.
What are the 4 valves found in the heart?
- pulmonary semilunar valve
- aortic valve
- tricuspid valve (RAT)
- mitral/bicupis valve (LAM)
True or False. The tunica media in blood vessels contains smooth muscle
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December 1, 2014
• Describe 3 characteristics of arteries.
• Describe 3 characteristics of veins.
• What types of capillaries are found in the body? Describe.
• What is the purpose of the hepatic portal system?
What are nasal conchae and meatuses?
- increase surface area (increases air and nasal mucosa contact) to moisten/reclaim the air
What are the functions of the nasal structures?
- airway for respiration
- warms the air
- moistens the air
- filters the air
- houses olfactory receptors
- resonating chamber or speech
What are the names of the three regions of the pharynx? What type of epithelial
cells are found in each?
Nasopharynx – pseudostratified simple squamous epithelium
Air and food:
Oropharynx – non-keratnized stratified squamous epithelium
Laryngopharynx – non keratnized stratified squamous
Where would you find the trachealis muscle? What is its function?
- in the trachea
- moves the trachea away for ease of passage of food down the esophagus as it in
behind the trachea
What is the smallest kind of bronchiole?
What are the layers of the respiratory membrane?
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