[HIST 150] - Midterm Exam Guide - Ultimate 16 pages long Study Guide!

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HIST 150
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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History 150 - Lesson 1 January 11, 2017
The Neolithic revolution and Rise of Civilization
end of the most recent Ice Age affects populations of big mammals
HUNTER-GATHERERS OF 10,000 b.c.
-hunting and gathering led to domestication, this is the basis for civilization
-people lived in small groups and would move with the seasons, exploiting different animals in
different areas
-Women would gather, men would hunt. Plants were very essential to the hunter gatherers,
responsible for 2/3 of caloric intake
Egalitarian society - everyone is equal
-have very few possessions because they have to move around a lot
Disadvantages- need lots of land and territory, able to move.
With more people, comes more problems.
Population growth forced these people to make changes
Territories become smaller and it is extremely difficult to make a living as a hunter gatherer
Neolithic Revolution: domestication of plants and animals, the rise of towns and cities, and the
rise of old technology (pottery making, cloth making, tools from metal, beer)
Changes happened independently across the globe (did not affect each other specifically)
SW Asia(Mesopotamia): wheat, barley, chickpeas, lentils
China: rice and millet
Mesoamerica: corn, beans, squash
\
AGRICULTURE
Domestication: a very crucial point is to separate thing from the wild, establish control over
reproduction, and modify behavior/ enhance traits to make them more favorable to humans
Two way street- both benefit
One thing that really led to cultivation was that they would replant the seeds they gathered, for
next season. preservation
disadvantage to Agriculture: very high risk, could get entire field wiped out by weather
size and domestication: started off with smaller animals, and gradually got bigger
Cats were not part of groups or packs, they did not follow one head alpha, very solitary animals
so it was easier to domesticate them (cats almost domesticated themselves)
Stored grain attracted mice, which in turn attracted cats to humans. Cats have stayed so similar
to their ancestors, they have changed the least, and they are the most wild animals we keep
because humans never really had the chance to change them
continued…
Downsides to advancing technology: we see a rise in war
Closely linked to rise of population was epidemic diseases..most of these diseases came from
domesticated animals
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Influenza outbreaks- chickens and pigs were very densely populated and there was many many
new outbreaks
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