[RHETOR 103B] - Final Exam Guide - Everything you need to know! (122 pages long)

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29 Mar 2017
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RHETOR 103B
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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Rhetoric 103B
Lecture 1 -- 1/19/2017
SCIENCE AS A VOCATION - MAX WEBER
Weber
- German academic who analyzed German society, coined term “sociology,”
political economist and social theorist
- Important figure in social sciences, anchored the discipline of sociology
- Responded to Marx
- Explored relationship between Protestantism and the rise of capitalism
- Rejects causal relationships
- But tries to unpack this relationship
- Sociologist of religion
DISENCHANTMENT with the world
- Loss of spirituality
- Loss of wonder and curiosity at the functionality (ex. Of the street car) around
the world
- Today, we no longer have wonder or puzzlement, but concerned with case,
results and calculation
- Modern world of rationalization and bureaucratization, not take into account
the divine, supernatural > secularization
- World of instrumental logic
Is science worthwhile? Not useful because there is no end to science?
Challenge: how to engage science
** This text is about MODESTY in intellectual research
- Academics seek clarity and meaning - work is never complete but continue to
engage the world to gain clarity, “each with their own demons” > their own
journeys
- No need to figure out if science is worthwhile (we take this for granted) but to
gain clarity
Lecture delivered in 1917 in the midst of WWI addressed to graduate students
- First gives advice, then ventures to unpack the meaning of science
- 3 sections (1) external conditions of vocation (2) inner vocation for science (3)
inner vocation of science > meaning of science
EXTERNAL CONDITIONS
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- We do not research in a vacuum, external conditions set limits and/or open up
opportunities
- Compare German and American systems
- Miserable, grief > we constantly wonder “why am I doing this”
- Both G/A universities depend on capitalist systems > state and private actors
- We are no longer OWNERS of our resources or of tools of our profession
because we work for someone else
- Appointments are made to please crows and attract students - do not say
anything about the quality of the teaching
- Chance is always central
- Important and not to be criticized
- There remains chance DESPITE our calculated world - we must
embrace this as an open possibility
- Classroom not democracy but filled with aristocratic spirit
- Why?
- Objective is to explain ideas to the “untrained” so that you think about
them independently, with your own demons
- Weber is against indoctrination and laws that explain everything >
develop own thinking
INNER VOCATION FOR
- Why read or research or go to university? Esp given the situation of the world,
of the university and of job opportunities
- Need to understand conditions under which we engage in intellectual activity
- We live in a world of specialized science
- This is important
- Required to dig deep to get somewhere in the profession and life
- Specialization is part of disenchantment
- But this allows for development of passion
- If we pursue knowledge narrowly in a specialized way, alone with
inspiration, we get a lot of grief
- COLD CALCULATION (p8)
- Widespread notion exists that calculation involves cool intellect and not
heart and soul
- Response: for an idea to arise, there must be inspiration
- “Some idea has to occur to someone’s mind, and it has to be a
correct idea, if one is to accomplish anything worthwhile. Such
intention cannot be forced”
- Nothing to do with calculation
- STRANGE INTOXICATION (p8)
- Is what we need
- Nothing has value unless pursued with passion > but this does not
guarantee success
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Document Summary

German academic who analyzed german society, coined term sociology, political economist and social theorist. Important figure in social sciences, anchored the discipline of sociology. Explored relationship between protestantism and the rise of capitalism. Loss of wonder and curiosity at the functionality (ex. Today, we no longer have wonder or puzzlement, but concerned with case, results and calculation. Modern world of rationalization and bureaucratization, not take into account the divine, supernatural > secularization. ** this text is about modesty in intellectual research. Academics seek clarity and meaning - work is never complete but continue to engage the world to gain clarity, each with their own demons > their own journeys. No need to figure out if science is worthwhile (we take this for granted) but to gain clarity. Lecture delivered in 1917 in the midst of wwi addressed to graduate students. First gives advice, then ventures to unpack the meaning of science.

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