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Chapter 15 Adolescence Cognitive Development

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PSYC 4070
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Chapter 15 Adolescence Cognitive DevelopmentAdolescent ThinkingBrain maturation intense conversations additional years of schooling moral challenges and increased independence all occur between age 11 and 18 The combination propels impressive cognition growth from egocentrism to abstract logic During puberty young people center many of their thoughts on themselves in part because maturation of the brain heightens selfconsciousnessIt is typical for young adolescents to try to make sense of their conflicting feelings about their parents school and classmates and to think deeply about their futureAdolescent EgocentrismA characteristic of adolescent thinking that leads young people ages 10 to 13 to focus on themselves to the exclusion of others David ElkindIn egocentrism adolescents regard themselves as unique special and much more significant than they actually are This leads adolescents to interpret everyone elses behavior as if it were a judgment on themAcute selfconsciousness about ones physical appearance is probably more prevalent between ages 10 and 14 than earlier or laterPersonal FableAn aspect of adolescent egocentrism characterized by an adolescents belief that his or her thoughts feelings and experiences are unique more wonderful or awful than anyone elsesInvincibility FableAn adolescent egocentrism conviction that he or she cannot be overcome or even harmed by anything that might defeat a normal mortal such as unprotected sex drug abuse or highspeed driving Imaginary AudienceThe other people who in an adolescents egocentric belief are watching and taking not of his or her appearances ideas and behavior This belief makes many teenagers very selfconsciousSome developmentalists now believe that egocentrism may signal growth toward cognitive maturity that egocentrism may be protective each time an individual enters into a new environmental context or dramatically new life situationEvery year thousands of new students in middle and high schools are harassed especially if they differ from the norm in sexual behavior accent or clothingFormal Operational ThoughtIn Piagets theory the fourth and final stage of cognitive development characterized by more systematic logical thinking and by the ability to understand and systematically manipulate abstract concepts
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