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01:830:338 Study Guide - Summer 2018, Comprehensive Midterm Notes - Sigmund Freud, Stereotype, Saw


Department
Psychology
Course Code
01:830:338
Professor
K.Brynildsen
Study Guide
Midterm

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01:830:338
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
Fall 2018

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Lecture 1
What is Personality
Allport (1937)
The dynamic organization within the individual of those psychophysical
systems that determine his characteristic pattern of behavior, thoughts, and
feelings
Lewin (1935)
The momentary condition of the individual and the structure of the
psychological situation
Murray (1938)
Personality psychology: the study of human lives and the factors which
influence their course… investigates individual difference
Textbook Friedman & Schaustück (2016)
The scientific study of the psychological forces that make people uniquely
themselves
The Eight Psychological Perspectives
Psychoanalytic
Ego
Biological
Behaviorist
Cognitive
Trait
Humanistic
Interactionist
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1
Chapter 2:
General Approach to Research
Deductive vs. Inductive
Which comes first, theory (deductive) or data (inductive)
Deductive: i.e. East coast winters make people smart; survey people
in class to test, maybe test people in California
Inductive: Grey skies and cold temperatures make us smarter
Idiographic vs. Nomothetic
What are you more interested in, rich detail (idiographic) or
generalizability (nomothetic)
Very detailed; conclusions are not generalized beyond individuals
Idiographic study: Just study 1 person in depth over time; wouldn’t
know anything about the rest of the class just one person
Nomothetic study: study lots of people to learn in depth laws and
principles; learn about the general population
General Approaches to Research: To be Subjective or Objective
Subjective measures (i.e. essay, narrative)
Advantage: Rich data great insight
Disadvantage: Multiple interpretations (all valid)
Objective measures (i.e. multiple choice)
Advantage: Clear data clear interpretation
Disadvantage: limited, sterile
Experimental Design: Does one thing cause another?
Presumably causal variable (i.e. anxiety) is manipulated to determine its
effect on a second variable (i.e. math performance)
i.e. Performance should be much worse when people are anxiety
Randomly assign to two groups; make one group anxious, one calm;
observe performance
Experimental Design: Pros and Cons
Advantage: Ability to assess causality
Disadvantages:
Cant always be sure exactly what your manipulating (i.e. causing
anxiety or anger)
Often requires deception (i.e. expulsion)
Not necessarily reflective of real life (i.e. extreme anxiety vs. no
anxiety?)
Some things cannot be manipulated, due to ethics or practicality
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