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CRM/LAW C7- Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 49 pages long!)


Department
Criminology, Law and Society
Course Code
CRM/LAW C7
Professor
Valerie Jenness
Study Guide
Final

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UC-Irvine
CRM/LAW C7
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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Jessica Mangold
C7 Intro to Criminology
Professor Jenness
10/2/17
Introduction to Criminology, Law, and System
The Structure of the Criminal Justice System
- three main institutions of the system
- police and law enforcement
- courts and judicial decision-making
- punishment and corrections
- thik of as a loosely oupled syste -> will come back to this
Seeing, thinking, and sense-making
- what do you see/hear? What do you think? How do you make sense of it?
Starting with some real lives in the criminal justice system
- police and law enforcement
- African American man arrested after walking down the street (jaywalking)
- man was cooperating but cop would not take his hand off of him
- officer might have interpreted the man as getting more aggressive (threatened)
*when an officer cusses other officers+citizens more likely to see as misconduct
- Courts and judicial decision making
- Judge walks out of Zimmerman trial courtroom
- had been in courtroom for 13 hours
- Punishment and corrections
- 747 inmates (Aug 2017) are waiting on death row for execution
- lots of ethnic minorities represented
- mostly men
- long sentences mostly spent on death row
The Danger of the Single Story
- written and delivered by Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie
- sigle stories a reate stereotypes that aret oplete
- generalizations that can do a disservice to groups
- single story=a blanket statement -> robs people of their dignity
Considering Some Facts About Criminal Justice in the US
How many crimes occur?
- (see in readings)
- FBI collects official crimes known to the police
- leveling off and decline in crime rate
- violent crime rate has increased by 3.9%
What is the cost of fighting crime?
- every society had some evidence of fighting crime and/or crime prevention
- four largest federal bureaus account for 80% of spending to control crime
- FBI
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- U“ Attoreys ad Marshals
- The Bureau of Prisons
- Office of Justice Programs
- justice comes #14 in federal expenditures
- money spent to fight crime is increasing which means less money spent on other things
- 2009 CA #1 in prison spending and #48 in Education
How often do law enforcement personnel shoot (and kill) civilians?
- 2015: officers shot about 1,000 citizens
- unarmed black male shootings = 4% of the statistic
- most fit into these three categories
- civilian wielding a weapon
- suicidal or mentally ill
- ran when the officers told them to halt
- Britain 2015-2016 police discharged their guns 7 total times
- highest number since 2009
- number of police authorized to use firearms decreased since 2009
- ost la eforeet offiers dot arry gus ad other eapos
In the US what perent of judges are women? How does the US compare to other countries?
- 3 of the 9 justices in Supreme Court are women
- 33% of state and federal court judges in the US are women
- slightly higher than global average of 27%
Is there racial disparity in sentencing in Florida?
- blacks are more likely than whites to be sentenced over felony drugs, battery,+robbery
How many people are locked up in the US? How are those incarcerated distributed?
- American criminal justice system holds more than 2.3 million people
- 1,719 state prisons
- 102 federal prisons
- 942 juvenile correctional facilities, etc.
- 1 in 100 American adults are under the control of the state
Is the incarceration rate going up or down?
- slight dips are occurring in the incarceration rate currently
- some states are considering closing correctional facilities
Katherie Beketts Work o “ettig the Puli Ageda: Street Crime and Drug Use in American
Politics
Key Question
- What is the deoray at ork thesis?
- in a democracy people have concerns, elect reps who act on their behalf
- public policy is enacted
- if democracy works crime policies will look in alignment
Crime Measures
- found people think crime is one of most important problems facing nation (Gallup)
- people are the most afraid of violent crime
- huge % of pop. believed crie ost iportat prole i late 60s
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