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PSY BEH 103H- Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 65 pages long!)


Department
Psychology and Social Behavior
Course Code
PSY BEH 103H
Professor
Rinehart
Study Guide
Final

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UC-Irvine
PSY BEH 103H
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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1.1 CAUSES OF DEATH AND LIFE EXPECTANCY
changes in 20th century in patterns of disease, field of health
shift in causes of death
health in 1900s diseases result of contact with impure drinking water,
contaminated food, sick people
o duration of illness very short
o people felt no control over whether they got sick
health in 21st century
o heart disease, cancer, respiratory diseases leading causes of death
in 1900, most deaths from diseases rooted in public or community health
problems: pneumonia, TB, diarrhea
21st century most deaths due to individual behavior and lifestyle
focus shifted from infectious disease to unhealthy lifestyles and behaviors
medical treatments that could cure diseases have been developed
rising cost of medical treatments led to educating people about how their health-
related behaviors could reduce illness
several of top causes of death in US showed lower rates of mortality in 2005 than
in 1990
all of these behaviors have some behavioral component: heart disease, cancer,
stroke
o alcohol abuse, unwise eating, smoking, stress, sedentary lifestyle
increase in death from diseases not strongly related to behavior: Alzheimer’s,
influenza, pneumonia, kidney disease, septicemia, Parkinson’s
stats are misleading because they vary by age
o 15-24: unintentional, homicide, suicide
ethnic differences
o income SES not able to afford healthcare
o education less educated about utilization of healthcare
o access to medical insurance and care
Hispanic paradox
o Hispanics in US tend to paradoxically have substantially better health than
the average population in spite of what their aggregate socioeconomic
indicators would predict
o specific cause of phenomenon poorly understood
1.2 EXPECTANCY AND OTHER FACTORS
US 24th among industrialized nations for life expectancy, and 50th among all
nations
large disparities between health of different ethnic groups within US
o Euro Americans 47th in world
o African American 113th in world
o life expectancy difference doesn’t apply to Hispanics although they have
similar socioeconomic
lower infant mortality most responsible for change in life expectancy
African Americans 3x more likely to die in infancy than Euro Americans
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most important: control of infectious diseases through vaccinations, safer drinking
water, milk supplies
also important: healthier lifestyle, efficient disposal of sewage, better nutrition
less important: antibiotics, new surgical techniques, better paramedic teams, better
ICU units
negatives of college being good for health: stress, opportunities for drug use, less
time for exercise and sleep, poor diet
positives of college being good for health: lower death rates from chronic
diseases, infectious diseases, and unintentional injuries, intelligence predicts good
health and longevity, learn more about health care, less likely to smoke, use illicit
drugs, and more likely to eat low fat diet and exercise
income and health
o access to health care, access to education, but subjective measures of
socioeconomic status have stronger relationship with health than objective
measures
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