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[PSY 100] - Final Exam Guide - Ultimate 36 pages long Study Guide!


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSY 100
Professor
Andrea Friedrich
Study Guide
Final

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UK
PSY 100
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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Lecture 1: The Science of Psychology
Prescientific Psychology
Socrates (469-399 B.C.)
o Mind and the body are 2 separate things dualism
One could die and the other could continue
o We have innate knowledge (born with it)
Plato (427-347 B.C.)
o Student of Socrates same ideas
Aristotle (384-322 B.C.)
o Plato’s studet – but different ideas
o Cannot separate the mind from the body
o Mind is a blank slate and can only receive knowledge from experience
Descartes (1595-1650)
o Mind and body dualism
Mind spiritual entity
Body material entity
Pineal Gland connects the mind and body
o Innate ideas
Concepts of self and God
o Rationalism
Knowledge should be sought through the process of logical reasoning
Locke (1632-1704)
o Aristotle’s taula rasa
Mind is a blank slate
o Empiricism
All knowledge is gained through experience and observing the world
Psychology is a Science
Wilhelm Wundt (1879), Leipzig, Germany
o First psychology lab by method
o Trig to figure out the atos of the id – the processes of the mind
o Ball hitting a platform
Structuralism
o Edward Titchener student of Wundt
o Attempt to discover the basic elements (structures) of the human mind
o Introspection looking inside
Functionalism
o William James
o Focused on the functions of the mind and behavior in adapting to the
environment
What is Psychology
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Util the 9’s – Science of mental life
1920-1960 Science of observable behavior
o More reliable
o Can get data
1960-Today Science of behavior and mental processes
o What’s i people’s head
o Behavior any action we can observe and record
o Mental processes private events inferred from behavior
Science investigate in a controlled way
Research in Psychology Humans Ethics
Most research involves no stress
Ethical principles developed by APA (American Psychological Association) 2010
Universities screen research proposals through an ethics committee the IRB
(Institutional Review Board)
Every study carries some amount of risk for the participant
Important Issues:
o Informed consent
Potential participants are informed about procedures and risks that might
be involved
Participants are free to withdraw from a study at any time for any reason
with no penalty
o Confidentially
Data should be kept confidential and if possible anonymous
Can only not be __ confidentiality if ha to be reported by law
o Debriefing
After study has been completed participants receive information about
the study
o Deception
To conceal the purpose of the study to stop people from being biased
Proe to IRB that there’s o other a to odut the stud ad the lie
does’t hurt the partiipat
Participants have to be debriefed at the end to what the study was really
about
Research in Psychology Animals Ethics
Only 5% of APA members use animals in their research
95% of animals used are mice, rats, rabbits and birds
o Birds hae a er good isual sste ad rats do’t
Research have to be reviewed and conducted by a different committee
o Have a one vet and one person from public in the committee
Researchers weigh potential benefits of research against possible harm to the animal
Avoid inflicting unnecessary pain
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