[POLSCI 160] - Midterm Exam Guide - Everything you need to know! (37 pages long)

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POLSCI 160
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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[POLSCI 160 - 014 Introduction to World Politics Midterm]
1. Explain the differences between security issues and political economy issues in world politics.
Give an example of each.
Security issues concerns all issues where violence or the threat of violence looms.
War is the most dramatic example of security issues. Political economy issues
cover international economic issues such as trade, exchange rates, financial flows,
migration that opens the world economy to globalization.
2. Name the characteristics of an actor in world politics. What three things does an actor possess?
There are three characteristics of an actor in world politics. First, actors have
preferences. Second, actors possess capabilities to influence other actors. Lastly,
actors have perceptions of other actors and what they will do. Actors do not
know every aspect of the situation they face.
3. Define “strategic interaction.How does a strategic interaction differ from other choices you
make?
Unlike any other choices you make, strategic interaction has two points: First,
actors interact. The decisions of all the relevant actors affect the outcome, so they
cannot just do as they please. Second, the strategize. Actors have to think about
what others will do and then choose their own actions to get the best possible
outcome in their view. Thus, actors choose their actions with an eye to what others
will do.
4. Explain what is meant by internal and external autonomy of a state.
Ideally, states have internal and external autonomy. Internal autonomy means
that the state has a monopoly on the legitimate use of force within its borders.
External autonomy means each state has the right to determine its own foreign
policy on its own without interference from other states. Other states do not have
the legal right to command others.
5. What four properties compose the legal definition of a state in the sovereignty system?
A state possesses the following four properties. First, a state should possess
defined territory. Second, a permanent population. The territory of a state must
be inhabited by people who live there. Third, state should have effective control
of the territory and population by a government. A state where the government
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has lost control of its territory and population is called a failed state. Lastly, a state
should have the ability to enter into relations with other states.
6. Define a state and a nation, and explain the differences between them. How did the merger of
a national identity with the state increase the power of the state?
A state is the representation of a country in politics, and nation is the set of
people holding the national identity. When the national identity and the
governmental apparatus of the state are fused, the combination is a nation-state.
The nation-state is powerful because people see the state as the legitimate
political representation of the nation. People of a nation-state tend to be loyal to
the state and are willing to cooperate with the states efforts.
7. What is a corporate actor? Give two examples of corporate actors, not of the same type.
Corporate actor is an actor that are composed of more than one person that has
a purpose which limits and defines what it does, even if we treat them as if they
are individuals. For example, the United States government and Amnesty
International are the two examples of corporate actors.
8. What is the unitary actor assumption?
The unitary actor assumption is that we treat the state as one actor, like an
individual person.
9. Define an NGO and IGO, and state how they differ. Give an example of each.
NGO, a non-governmental organization has members that are not states and
cover wide ranges of organizations that address issues. IGO, an intergovernmental
organization, has states as members. IGOs typically specialize in an issue where
they help states address some common problem. An example of NGO can be
Amnesty International, and an example of IGO would be the United Nations.
10. Describe two different ways the actors in world politics have changes over the last 250 years.
The actors in world politics have been changing over the last 250 years. First, the
new actors have been emerging. For example, the breakup of the European
colonial empires and the end of the Cold War have created many countries, and
the new types of actors NGOs and IGOs have been emerging. Second, the
nature of states has also changed. Unlike the monarchies in Europe,
constitutional rule, democracy, universal adult suffrage spread during 19th and 20th
century.
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