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SOC 100 Study Guide - Comprehensive Midterm Guide: Watts Riots, Rape Culture, Hip Hop


Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOC 100
Professor
Sandra Levitsky
Study Guide
Midterm

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U of M
SOC 100
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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1/10/17
McIntyre:
Agues that e aot look at soial eets fo a idiidual pespetie eause it does’t
work. Individualism is a western idea and most cultures look at things from a sociological
perspective. This is ot to sa idiidual’s atios ae uipotat, ut athe h these atios
are done is based on how others in the same position act. Most problems are due to social
forces. Sociological imagination and perspective adds to understanding of most situations. This
does not make stereotypes or preconceived notions correct, but it helps us understand how
things often occur.
Mills:
To understand what one experiences, one needs to understand the sociological and historical
context. Understanding societal history, what roles people historically played in that society,
and how it has evolved is key to understanding current events. Understanding of personal
phenomena should be based on structural changes in society.
Romero:
Chicana domestics often work to clean houses near the border. Author was shocked by her
olleague’s teatet of the sitee-year-old girl that serves as her domestic and the way the
entire household ignores her when they are not asking her to do something for them. People
do not treat domestics like other people they employ, because they do not want to be
bothered within the walls of their own homes and it often does not even occur to them
eause the feel like the’e just adeig aoud thei o hoes. The autho, ho as
once a domestic herself, was interested in finding out more about the roots of the issue, so she
used the snowball method to survey domestics. The social stigmas that were attached to being
a domestic made it hard for her to get information from some of the people who had already
agreed to participate in the survey. Government cannot keep track of employment of chicanas
because some are undocumented in the US. Many feminists promote a double standard in the
way they treat domestics or cleaning ladies.
1/12/17
Goffman:
In the past, police usually avoided ghettos. Even when they had info about selling spots they did
not act until the community put so much pressure on them that they were forced to take
action. This changed dramatically in the second half of the twentieth century.
White girl lives in 93% black neighborhood known as 6th street. People question what she is
doing there until she makes friends who stick up for her. Only one of the people in her group
graduated high school and many go to jail or prison at some point. People on 6th street all sell
illegal stuff in the center of town, yet people in other black slums refer to 6th street as a nice
area.
Police take over the neighborhood and stop people randomly to question them and search their
system for arrest warrants, redirect traffic due to investigations, arrest and beat people
frequently, bring in helicopters to find people, put in cameras all over 6th street and initiated a
curfew for those under 18. Kids learn about cops and violence from a young age and it becomes
a game to them like house. People lie o the u o i fea eause ee if the’e doe
nothing wrong theyre accused and arrested. People get friends and neighbors in trouble when
the’e alead o poatio so ou at even trust anyone. People are scared to go to the
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hospital for fear of being found and put in jail (when baby is born or after a fight). People are
scared to call the police when somebody does something to them or engaging in the court
system the right way for fear of putting themselves on the radar of the cops. People get
reported by friends and family for revenge or in attempt to keep them in check and they
therefore keep where they live and what they do a secret because they cant trust anyone.
Some people blame their inability to get a job or failure to attend events on their warrants.
Haney:
Prisons do not actually deter people from committing crimes as the punishment is supposed to.
This is because of the nature of both the guards and inmates in prison. Zimbardo prison study:
male volunteers for money who were not very diverse and filled out a questionnaire and were
hose ased o etal ad phsial stailit. Random assignment of guard and prisoner.
Guards were just told to keep a reasonable amount of order to an effective prison and were
told that they were going to be examining the behavior of prisoners. A basement lab was
turned into a prison and guards and prisoners were given uniforms. Prisoners were arrested like
real people are arrested, blindfolded, and brought to the mock prison. At prison, they were
treated like prisoners, given 3 meals a day and allowed to use the bathroom. Individuals each
took personality tests before to account for individual differences, then everything was
recorded and they took periodic surveys as well as daily observations. Guards and prisoners
both generally became more negative. Guards were generally aggressive and dehumanized
prisoners. Five prisoners had to be released due to depression anxiety or excessive crying. The
experiment was terminated early after only six days and while most prisoners were relieved,
most guards were upset as they became power hungry.
1/17/17
Charon, Joel M., Lee Garth Vigilant
Culture emphasizes similarities in thought and actions of a group of people. Our culture
differentiates us from people with whom we do not interact. Essentially social inheritance of
groups who have existed before us, and we view them as truths but one peso’s truth may not
actually be the universal truth. Value= long term commitment to an organization and its goals.
Values are represented by our actions. Goals are practical ends whereas values are moral ones.
Values are important to keep in mind when setting goals to focus on them, and culture is made
up of these goals and values at their core. Norms are rules and expectations and make up part
of a culture. Subculture- salle diisio ithi a lage soiet’s culture- for ex a group within
the American culture. Countercultures oppose a culture and lead to social change. culture is
important because it brings like minded people together and promotes social change and more
importantly because people really start to believe things when they are part of that culture and
immersed in the values goals thoughts and actions of the culture.
Anderson
Street codes exist in inner cities. Some people teach their kids the code even if they do not like
it because the can be in physical danger as well as disrespected if they do not follow the code.
The code begins where policing ends and individual choice begins. Families can either be street
oriented or decent, or sometimes some of each on different occasions. Decent is more
mainstream working poor who are better off financially. They often have the grandmas raise
the kids, turn to god, and care about the kids schooling. Street families are fed up with the
system and teach aggression to protect oneself; their kids roam the streets and the parents tell
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