SOC101 Chapter Notes - Chapter 3: High Culture, Ethnocentrism, Sociolinguistics

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23 Jul 2016
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Chapter 3 – Culture
Culture
Learned, represents way of life for a social group
Socially transmitted behaviour including ideas, values, customs, symbols
oContested system
oAuthenticity
Cultural mainstream – dominant culture
The culture that through its political and economic power is able to impose
on a society its values, language, and ways of behaving and interpreting
behaviour
Perpetuated by social institutions (family, media)
Subculture
Minor cultural differences possessed by groups that are organized around
occupations or hobbies, but which do not significantly oppose or challenge
the dominant culture
Share distinctive set of cultural beliefs
Counterculture
Groups that reject selected elements of dominant culture
Types of culture
High culture
oCulture of the elite, distinct minority
Popular culture
oCulture of the majority, reflective of the dominant culture
Mass culture
Individuals who have little agency in their culture
oAgency
The ability to be creative with what the dominant culture,
colonial power, or mass media has given them
Mass culture develops from exposure to the same media
Simulacra
Stereotypical cultural images that often distort reality and encourage people
to act as though they exist
oBaudillard
Culture content
1) norms and sanctions (folkways, mores, taboos)
2) values
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