POL SCI 4 Chapter 4: PS4 Reading 02.07.2017

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7 Feb 2017
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Political Science 4
Readings 2/7/2017
The Social Contract: Book I
- Purpose: can there be a legitimate and sure principle of government in
political society?
CH1
- Men born free but not live freely - how did this happen?
CH2
- Family as first model of political societies (excluding the love of father for
children)
CH3
- Might not equals right
- Duty of obedience owed only to legitimate powers
CH4
- No men has natural authority over others and force bestows no rights;
legit authority from covenants
- Arbitrary gov becomes unarbitrary and legit if every new generation
could accept or reject it
- Men not natural enemies (not enough regular intercourse for peace or
war)
- War only between states - individuals are enemies only as soldiers
- “Right” and “slavery” are incompatible - nonsensical
CH5
- Master and slave relationships is not like that between ruler and people
- Law of majority rule implies previous unanimity (how people become a
people)
CH6
- Preserve mankind by uniting powers
- Social contract holds the solution to the problem of finding a form of
association that defends each member while allowing man to remain as
free as before
- Articles of association
- (1) conditions same for all
- (2) No individual has rights to claim
- (3) All are equivalent
CH7
- To ensure fidelity, constrained by people to obey the general
CH8
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