Government 1760 Chapter Notes - Chapter Hughes: Northeast Asia, Missile Defense, Fishing Trawler

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China's(Military(Modernization:(U.S.(Allies(and(Partners(in(Northeast(Asia
Japan,&Republic&of&Korea&(ROK)&and&the&Republic&of&China&(ROC)&all&harbor&
significant&national&security&concerns&as&a&result&
Taiwan:&People's&Republic&of&China&(PRC)&is&prime&security&concern
"Given&the&combination&of&the&relative&size&of&the&military&forces&of&Japan,&
South&Korea,&and&Taiwan&and&the&core&national&security&issues&involved&on&
all&sides,&the&fundamental&mismanagement&of&bilateral& relations&with&
China&contains&real&potential&for&interstate&conflict&and&the&destabilization&
of&the&entire&region"&(197)
These&nations&look&to&the&US&for&diplomatic&and&military&
cooperation
§
Since&Japan,&South&Korea,&and&Taiwan&are&all&US&allies&or&partners,&
conflicts&with&the&People's&Liberation&Army&(PLA)&carry&further&
implications
China's&Rise&and&Military&Modernization
It(will(analyze(the(impact(of(China's(military(modernization(of(Japan's,(
South(Korea's,(and(Taiwan's(military(capabilities;(on(each(country's(
strategic(relations(with(China;(and(more(widely(on(regional(stability
1)
It(will(examine(the(impact(of(trends(in(Japanese,(South(Korean,(and(
Taiwanese(military(modernization(on(the(United(States'(maintenance(
both(of(its(own(military(capabilities(and(of(its(alliances(and(partnerships(
in(the(region,(and(consequently(the(continuation(of(its(role(as(the(
principal(guarantor(of(regional(security(in(Northeast(Asia
2)
These&3&countries&share&concerns&about&the&development&of&specific&
Chinese&military&capabilities
1)
All&3&countries&are&simultaneously&seeking&engagement&with&China&to&
dampen&security&dilemmas
2)
All&3&display&convergent&trends&in&external&balancing&efforts&in&rethinking&
their&individual&military&ties&with&the&US
3)
Despite&the&recent&discussion&of&the&US&having&"lost&Asia"&in&the&face&of&a&
rising&China,&the&key&US&allies&and&partners&in&Northeast&Asia&are&now&
moving&away&from&China&on&security&issues
4)
In&examining&these&issues&the&chapter&makes&four&major&arguments&about&
Japan's,&South&Korea's,&and&Taiwan's&common&challenges&and&responses,&and&
consequently&about&the&United&States'&effort&to&manage&its&military&ties&with&
regional&allies&and&partners
Japan&has&attempted&to&accelerate&engagement&of&China&by&
assisting&with&international&reform,&political& stabilization,&and&
integration&into&the&regional&political& economy
§
MISTAKEN:&DPJ&policymakers&never&entertained&any&real&
interest&in&bandwagoning&with&China&or&undermining&
the&US-Japan&alliance
®
New(administration(redoubled(engagement(with(
China(-- in(part(by(demonstrating(a(more(autonomous(
in(relation(to(with(the(US(-- in(order(to(assume(greater(
responsibility(for(Japan's(own(foreign(and(security(
relations(in(East(Asia
®
Has&been&seen&as&a&step&towards&bandwagoning&with&a&
potential&Sino-centric&regional&order
China&surpassed&the&US&as&Japan's&largest&trade&partner&in&2006
§
Japan&hedged&against&China's&rising&power&by&clarifying&the&
interoperability&of&the&alliance&and&its&ability&to&respond&to&regional&
contingencies,&including&a&Taiwan&Strait&Crisis
§
DPJ,&even&during&heyday&of&bandwagoning&with&China,&maintained&
support&for&US&bases&and&force&realignments&on&the&Japanese&
mainland,&endorsed&a&revised&US&nuclear&strategy,&and&continued&
bilateral&cooperation&on&ballistic&missile&defense&(BMD)
§
For&most&of&the&postwar&period,&Japan&has&maintained&a&strong&
commitment&toward&the&engagement&of&China
The&confrontation&between&a&Japan&Coast&Guard&(JCG)&vessel&and&a&
Chinese&fishing&trawler&in&late&2010&forced&Japanese&policymakers&to&
recognize&China's&intentions&on&territorial& issues
Japan:&A&Fundamental&Military&Transformation?
Japanese&perceptions&of&Chinese&military&modernization&coincide&closely&
with&those&of&other&states&in&the&region
Japan's&Concerns&over&China's&Military&Modernization
North&Korea's&nuclear&and&ballistic&missile&program&have&served&as&
the&most&immediate&driver&for&major&changes&in&Japan's&military&
posture
§
Japan's&long-term&reform&of&its&national&military&capabilities&under&
successive&National&Defense&Program&Guidelines&has&been&driven&by&the&
two&principal&concerns&of&North&Korea&and&China
Japan's&Internal&Balancing&in&Response&to&China
Hughes'&chapter&deals&with&the&modernization&of&China's&military&and&the&effects&it&had&
on&relations&with&Japan,&the&Republic&of&Korea,&and&the&Republic&of&China.&In&addition&
he&discusses&how&the&situation&was&further&complicated&by&the&United&States'&
involvement&with&states&in&East&Asia.&Hughes&touches&on&Japan's&relations&with&China&
after&China&had&surpassed&the&US&as&Japan's&biggest&trade&partner,&and&how&it&
appeared&that&Japan&may&be&attempting&to&forge&relations&with&China&with&goals&of&a&
potential&Sino-centric&regionalℴ&however,&Japan&did&not&undermine&their&
relations&with&the&US.&He&continues&by&detailing&an&event&between&a&Japanese&Coast&
Guard&vessel&and&a&Chinese&fishing&trawler&and&various&following&incidents&including&
Japan&claiming&an&act&of&economic&warfare&after&China&halted&exports&of&vital&rare&
earth&minerals.&
Hughes'(2/21/17)
Tuesday,& February& 21,&2017
8:28&PM
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