PSYC 300 Chapter Notes - Chapter 3: Informed Consent, Naturalistic Observation, Adobe After Effects

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Research Methods for the Behavioral Sciences Chapter 3
Ethics in Research
Ethical concerns
o Maintaining honesty in conducting/reporting research
o Giving appropriate credit for ideas/effort
o Considering how knowledge from research should be used
1. Protecting Research Participants
o Protect rights and freedom in inquiry/research
o Informed consent prior to data collection except in cases of naturalistic
observation or when the design involves deception (consent for recording usage
obtained during debriefing)
o No deception unless technique is justified & if it doesnt substantially harm the
subject must explain deception as soon as it makes sense to tell the subject
o Debriefing tell participant what happened
o Potential for lasting impact: potential for negative moods/stress/anxiety are a cost
and there is no guarantee that this is not long-lasting
2. Freedom of choice
o Participant volunteers to participate and knows its an experiment
o Students required to volunteer, but volunteer vs. non-volunteer responses differ,
leading to controversy
o Informed consent give enough information for participant to know whats going
on but withholding information to allow study to work
3. Maintaining Awareness of Power Differentials
o Avoid abuse of power
o Respect participant privacy data anonymity or confidentiality
4. Honesty in describing nature/use of research
o Deception when a research patient is not fully informed about the nature of a
research project before participating
Active deception outright lying. Ex. When a researcher tells a participant
that theyre studying learning when in reality theyre looking at obedience
to authority
Passive deception withholding information. Ex. Participant is not told
about the hypothesis or potential use of data
o When is deception necessary?
Arguable trust is broken when deception is used, but deception may be
necessary for natural responses and genuine reactions in observations (esp.
social phenomena)
Simulation studies participant fully informed about nature of research
but asked to behave as they would normally
This is problematic because people tend not to do what they say
they would, or vice versa
Consequences of Deception
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