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Chapter 4

MMW 11 Chapter 4: Mckay week four pp87-99

Making of the Modern World
Course Code
MMW 11
Edmond Chang

of 2
Mckay week four: PP 87-99
China is isolated from other part of the world
no cultural mingling, introduction of new culture
Shang king played priestly roles, serving ancestors, and Di: the high God
Shang was overthrown by one of their vassal states, which later became Zhou Dynasty
The Emergence of Civilization in China
The impact of Geography
Land is well suited for wheats and millets
Loess( dominant soil in China) : fine wind fine wind-driven earth that is fertile and easy
to work even with simple tools.
Flooding and drought in happen a lot in the north.
Rice grows well near Yangzi River, boats were preferred means of transportation
The nomads from inner Asia are China’s traditional enemies
Early Agriculture Societies of the Neolithic Age
At 10,000 B.C.E agriculture was practiced in China.
3000 B.C.E we have silk
Neolithic societies: no written records, shared more social and cultural practices( the
use of coffins, grave goods etc), fortified walls.
The Shang Dynasty, 1500B.C.E - 1050 B.C.E
After 2000 B.C.E, bronzes age begins: writing, metalworking, domestication of the
horse, class stratification and cult centers.
Anyang: where the Shang kings rule more than two centuries
The Kings are also war chiefs themselves
Chariot came out around 1200 B.C.E
Interpreting cracks of bones to tell their ancestor’s will.
Lady Hao: wife of king Wu Ding. There were many human sacrifice and bodies of
servents in her tomb.
Patrilineal lines: from father to son.
Slaves are captives
wheat was introduced from Western Asia.
Bronze Metalworking
Bronze instruments are made mainly for religious ceremonies
Most of the instruments portrait wild animals
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find more resources at oneclass.com
Taotie: stylized animal face
Jade cicade in dead ppl’s mouth: rebirth in the realm of ancestral spirits
The Development of Writing
Literacy help the royal rule, and preserves learning lore
Logographic: each word was represented by a single symbol.
Educated Chinese could read texts written centuries earlier w/o the need for translation.
Chinese script played a large role in holding China together and fostering a sense of
connection with the past.
The Early Zhou Dynasty, ca 1050-400 B.C.E
Zhou Politics
Son of Heaven
Mandate of Heaven: God’s will for just (political propaganda)
Feudalism : hereditary titles & territories
Decentralized rule
In 771.B.C.E the king was killed by one of the vassals
Then moved its capital to Luoyang
For a few centuries, these vassal states obeyed code of chivalrous conduct
Life During the Zhou Dynasty
Strong aristocratic attitude.
shi( lower rank of aristocracy) : men could serve either in military or civil capacities
Book of songs: religious poetries & what life was like in the early Zhou Dynasty
“ Disorder does not come down from heaven, it is produced by woman”
The development of iron technology in the early Zhou Dynasty promoted eco- nomic
expansion and allowed some people to become very rich.
The wealth was alone was an important basis for the social inequality
coins were made as a side process of trading
no more burying the dead w/ the living
Chu became really strong
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com