SPTH1001 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Phonetic Transcription, Vocal Tract, Fricative Consonant

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Sounds (phonetic inventory) + mastery of vowels and consonants. Large scale studies agree on general points of development : vowels are acquired before consonants (typically by 3 years of age, as a group: nasals, stops, glides acquired early then fricatives, affricates and consonant clusters later. Initial = sun medial = bi/son final = mess: sounds acquired in initial position of word, siww = syllable initial within a word we break up bi- son when speaking the word. Early, middle and late 8: early: /m, b, j, n, w, d, p, h, middle: / t, , k, g, f, (cid:448), t d / (shriberg, kwiatkowski and gruber, 1994) Late: / , , , , s, z, l, , / Basic goal of studies is to establish the age at which parents, teachers and speech pathologists may reasonably expect a child"s production of a given sound to match the adult standard.

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