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history1601e Lecture Notes - Mao Zedong

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Break down of the united front January 1941
Nationalists attack communists for failing to comply with orders rapidly enough
3,000 communists killed
-American attempt to reconcile mao zhedong and chiang kai shek (October 1945)
Civil war between communists and nationalists
-nationalists: recognized as the legitimate gvt of china by the allies and russia
-had 3 or 4 times as many men as the communists
-more armaments than the communists
-but they don't have popular support: corruption, inflation, does not have support from peseants
-chiang kai shek gets lots of support from usa but he is embezzeling it and does not help the
-chiang kai shek is also incompetent as a military leader and in spring 1949 he flees to taiwan
-Failure of nationalists
-Economic problems: inflation
-Corruption of the nationalists
Success of the communists
-Communists practiced a spartan type of life close to the common people
-morale remained high in the army and was continuously bolstered by indocrination and
effective propagada: appealing ideology
-Communists winned the support of masses
-CCP implemented one change after another during the war: reforms
-Mao goes to moscow to seek for help
-Soviet union provides china with loans and technical assistance
-Stalin does not treat mao very well
-10,000 russian technicians go to china
-20,000 chinese trainees go to the Soviet Union
-Stalin and Mao were not very close unlike the rhetoric
-Soviet union is China's only ally
-Among the socialists, there is democracy and a dictatorship to contorl the capitalists and imperialists
-once the capitalists and the imperialists are gone there can be democracy
-People's democratic dictatorship
-unicarmel National People's Congress
-2987 seats
-members elected by municiple regional and provincial people's congresses to serve year terms
-national peoples congress represent the people
-all citizens of the people's republic of china who have reached the age of 18 have the right to
vote except imperialists or capitalists
-Head of the state: The president of the people's republic of china
-elected by the national peoples congress
-recieves the foreign people
-in effect the political bureau runs the show and the national peoples congress rubber stamps
-peoples congress is supposed to run the china
-There are other politcal party, but they have to be approved by the ccp
-eight registered small parties controlled by the ccp
-established cooperative relations with the ccp
Agarian Reform law
-abolition of land ownership
-criticizing land owners
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